Independent bushings guide

Independent bushings guide DEFAULT


Bushings or Cushions

One of the worst things about getting new trucks is getting them to turn just right. Once you have worked out what truck geometry you like (they are all slightly different and you&#;ll have to try a few) the next thing to do is fine tune them. Everybody is different. If you are lucky you can just grab your favorite trucks, bolt em&#; on and go. If however you like your trucks looser or tighter there are a few things you can do to get your set up just right. Today we are going to have a look at a few bushings (possibly the most correct engineering term?) which are also correctly called suspension cushions.

Bushings or Cushions are the urethane inserts mounted on the kingpin. There is a top one and a bottom one. The top one is almost always a conical shape, the bottom is most commonly a barrel or slightly taller conical shape. the stock cushions in most trucks are pretty good, but do not suit all skateboarders. The first question you should answer is do you like loose trucks for carving and turning or tighter trucks for a more stable straight line ride? Maybe (and most likely) you are somewhere in between. As a general rule you can use the following as a bit of a guide to grabbing the best cushions for your set up.


LOOSE TRUCKS &#; Extra Soft to Soft Bushings &#; 75a to 90a durometer

MEDIUM TRUCKS &#; Soft to Medium Bushings &#; 90a &#; 95a durometer

TIGHT TRUCKS &#; Medium to hard Bushings &#; 95a to a durometer

The reason you should choose the right durometer or hardness of bushings is that they work better. And last longer! If you ride tight trucks and use soft bushings, you will notice they bulge out. This can cause them to split or get cut up by the edges of the cup washers.

*The durometer is the hardness of the bushing, measured by how far a pin penetrates the material under a certain pressure, usually measured on the shore durometer &#;A&#; scale.

When you are upgrading your trucks with aftermarket bushings (or have brand new trucks) often you will find the hanger sticks after turning. Not a huge issue. But people often take their board to the skate shop to have this fixed. A good thing to do is put a smear of grease, oil, WD40 or dry lube stick on the top and bottom flat surface of the bushings. This just helps the hanger &#;slip&#; back to it&#;s correct position. If you ride your trucks a bit they will &#;break in&#; and it will probably sort it&#;s self out pretty quickly. Besides when you are standing on your deck your weight will put even pressure on all four wheels.

So if the stock bushings in your trucks just aren&#;t cutting it, here are a few of our most popular options for swapping them out.

Bushings or Cushions

Nine out of 10 old men who still skateboard use these bushings. I&#;m not a fan, they feel a bit weird to me. But hey, a lot of the pro&#;s use them and they are one of the most popular bushings on the market. These bushings are constructed a little differently with a hard top and core. Check the video to see how they work.

The good news for me is I have an endless supply of leftover stock Indy bushings to use when I need them. Thanks George!

Bushings or Cushions

Call me old fashioned. My favorite bushings are the stock standard orange ones that come in Independent trucks. I&#;m not sure if these are the same original Supercush formula, but I guess they are pretty close. We&#;ve got these in a few durometers including a hard to find super soft 78a. The 78&#;s are perfect for little kids to learn to turn with. The kit comes with new cup washers too, a nice little bonus.

Bushings or Cushions

Supercush Suspension Cushions are a quality bushing made with a Ultra high rebound urethane for a responsive truck feeling. The original cushions and formula are the stuff of legends. This is what all the original Ermico trucks came with as their stock bushing back in the day. These new ones have a fairly low profile and are great for mid and low trucks.

Bushings or Cushions

Thunder have these great rebuild kits to completely refurbish your trucks. Not only do you get quality cushions, but also every other component your trucks need. Put em&#; in, good as new!

  • 2 x Top bushings (black)
  • 2 x Bottom bushings (black)
  • 4 x Tempered steel washers (black)
  • 2 x Kingpin nuts (black)
  • 4 x Axel nuts (black)
  • 2 x pivot cups

Like all skate set ups there are no hard and fast rules. Skaters like Dane Burman and Daewon Song ride notoriously loose trucks. In fact Daewon doesn&#;t event use a top cushion, check out more about that here. There are also a plethora of longboard Bushings or Cushions so you can change the way your trucks work here. Why not test out a few different set ups? Let us know how you go and what works best for you.

This entry was posted in Product Review, Set Up, Skateboarders and tagged bones, Bones Hardcore, Bones Hardcore Bushings, Bushings, Bushings or Cushions, Daewon Song, Dane Burman, deluxe distribution, Independent Standard Cylinder Bushings, loose trucks, loose trucks save lives, NHS, NHS Fun Factory, supension cushions, Supercush, Supercush Deluxe Skateboard Bushings, Supercush suspension, Tack and Supply Skateboard Bushings, Thunder Rebuild Kit - Bushings & Truck Hardware by AHA. Bookmark the permalink. Sours:

Bushings are the rubber rings that are attached to your trucks kingpin. They help you make turns and pivot your board and are made of polyurethane. Picking the right skateboard bushings depends on what type of board you ride, your style, your weight, and your personal preference.

In general, the right skateboard bushings for each style comes down to:

  • For street skating and technical tricks get cone/barrel-shaped or cone/cone-shaped bushings.
  • For vert, bowl, and park skating get cone/barrel-shaped bushings.
  • Longboards require softer bushings that allow for carving.
  • Downhill and racers require stiffer bushings that provide stability.

Bushings come in pairs. The top bushing on your skateboard truck makes your board turn, the bottom bushing can be adjusted by tightening or loosening the nut to make adjust responsiveness. Loose means better turning but less stability (especially at high speeds) and tight mean more stability but less responsiveness.

Picking the right bushings can mean a difference between night and day, also the quality varies, so make sure you know what exactly makes a great bushing.

Which Skateboard Bushings Should You Get?

skateboard bushings

There are a lot of different types of bushings but not all are suitable for every skateboard. If you ride a regular skateboard barrel/cone bushings with a hardness between 87A and 92A should be fine. Heavier riders should consider 94A, kids need softer bushings, 85A to 90A should work for most kids under

Longboarders will have a harder time picking the right bushings. Cruisers require different bushings compared to downhill or free ride. Downhill requires bushings that provide a lot of stability and should be a bit stiffer. At great speeds, you get that wobbling effect (speed wobbles) and you risk losing control.

Carving requires soft bushings to make perfect curves, and cruisers require something in the middle.

Skateboard Bushings Hard vs. Soft

Softer bushings will help you turn better but offer less stability. Harder bushings will cause your trucks to be tighter and increase stability, turning your skateboard will be more difficult. You can adjust the tightness of your trucks but only to some extent. If you feel like you can’t turn the nut any tighter and still think your trucks are too loose, consider getting harder bushings.

Same goes for feeling like your trucks are too tight if the nut almost comes off it’s time to look for softer bushings. Remember that new bushings need some time to break-in, make sure you skated them for a few days before you decide to replace them.

How Do skateboard Skate Bushings Work?

Just like wheels, bushings are made of polyurethane and come in several shapes and hardnesses. They have a huge impact on how your skateboard feels and performs. Bushings help you steer when you lean in a direction, depending on the hardness and your weight and the amount of force you use.  When you turn or carve the force applied compresses your bushings and the angle of your trucks’ hangar changes.

We speak of rebound once bushings get back into their natural state (uncompressed). The pivot cup also plays a part when turning your skateboard.

Low-quality bushings will be less responsive and take more time to rebound compared to high-quality bushings. Rebound diminishes over time so consider getting quality bushings when you shop for a new set. They will last you longer, provide more stability and responsiveness.

Bushings have a board side and a roadside meaning one is placed on top and at the bottom. Most of your weight is on the bottom bushing as its the closest to your board.

This bushing deals with most of the forces when you steer and compress the bushing. The one on top suffers less force and basically helps to hold your truck together while supporting the bottom bushing. Once the bottom bushing is maxed compressed, the top bushing will take over.

Bushings for Regular Skateboards

set of bushings and washers skateboard

Bushings come in different shapes, each specifically designed for different styles. The hardness or durometer vary depending on what type of board you skate and what you prefer.

Over the years skateboarders experimented with different shapes, combining them and figuring out what works best. Originally bushings came in 3 different shapes: conical, barrel, and eliminator. Since then a lot has changed and new shapes were developed.

Note: As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases.

In general, a cone-shaped bushing is better for turning but offers less stability. Barrel-shaped bushings don’t turn as well as cones but provide more stability.

Technical skateboarders often ride barrel and cone shaped bushings (link to Amazon). Hardness and your weight are what matters. lightweights should pick softer bushings, heavyweights need harder bushings. This will directly translate to how well your trucks turn and the overall stability of your board.

All trucks come with stock bushings, but some prefer to replace them. Not everybody weighs the same and skaters prefer different tightness on the trucks. Note that bushings need to break in a little before you can tell you want to replace them.

Many skateboarders recommend Bones bushings for street skating, but you’re fine with standard barrel/cone bushings. anything between  87A, 90A, or 92A will do.

Depending on how loose or tight you prefer your skateboard trucks, you can go higher or lower on the durometer scale. Keep in mind that bushings require time to break-in, might want to tweak them a little.

Bushings for Longboards

Longboards require different bushings depending on your style and weight. If you’re more into carving you’ll need soft and responsive bushings. Downhill requires stiffer and less responsive bushings to maintain stability. There are many variations of longboard bushings available just make sure you pick the ones that match your style.

Don’t just think of bushings, washers have a huge impact on performance. Some types allow for better carving and responsiveness where others provide a more stable ride.

Think about what kind of board feel you prefer. Do you want them to be responsive when carving? Do you need stability because you like to go fast? Do you need a strong rebound (meaning you want them to snap back to the center quickly) or perhaps you need lots of drive? Check out Muirskate if you want to buy bushings online.

Bushings for Carving and Cruising

Consider standard barrel/cone bushings. Cruising and carving require a bit of a softer bushing depending on your weight. Soft bushings are more responsive when you lean allowing for better turning. get cup washers if you want more stability and flat washers for optimal turns (less stable).

Weight poundsWeight KGFlexyMediumStiff
– 4565a78a81a
34 – 5680a83a85a
45 – 6685a87a88a
56 – 7987a89a91a
66 – 88a93a94a
+79 – +91a93a97a+

Freeride Bushings

Your bushings should be a bit harder compared to cruiser bushings. Freeriders need a bit of stability when going fast or sliding, but also some responsiveness when turning. You’ll end up with a slightly harder bushing on the durometer scale, but not too stiff. Go with a double-barrel setup if you are a dedicated freerider.

Weight poundsWeight KGFlexibleMediumStiff
– 4565a78a81a
34 – 5680a83a85a
45 – 6685a87a88a
56 – 7987a89a91a
66 – 88a93a94a
+79 – +91a93a97a+

Bushings for Downhill

In general, it’s recommended to get double barrel bushings or stepped bushings combined with cup washers for maximum stability. You’ll need a set of hard bushings depending on your weight.

Weight poundsWeight KGFlexibleMediumStiff
– 4565a78a81a
34 – 5680a83a85a
45 – 6685a87a88a
56 – 7988a90a93a
66 – 90a93a94a
+79 – +91a93aa+

Bushings and shapes

Bushings come in many shapes but not all are suitable for your style. Regular skateboards just require the classic combination of cone and barrel but longboarders have a wider range to pick from.

This mainly has to do with what type of longboarder you are and the type of longboard you ride. Normal skateboards are quite similar in shape and components making the choice a lot easier.

Cone Barrel-shaped Bushings

cone barrel skateboard bushing

The most common combination for technical skateboarding consists of a cone and barrel bushing. This combination of cone-shaped and barrel-shaped bushings is also referred to as standard or regular bushings.

The cone allows you to turn and pivot your skateboard and the bottom barrel bushing provides stability. Many trucks provide this combo as stock.

Some skateboarders prefer different hardness for the barrel and cone. Placing a harder barrel will provide more stability while the softer conical bushing still allows your board to turn and pivot. The combination is also often used for cruising and longboards.

Compared to a pair of conical-shaped bushings they are less responsive. As mentioned these bushings are mostly used for street and skatepark skateboarding. Cone/barrel bushings are the standard and come in stock with most trucks.

Brands to look for:

  • Independent
  • Mini logo
  • Khiro
  • Oust
  • Shorty’s (Doh-Doh)

Cone Bushings

Cone bushing for a skateboard

Cone-shaped bushings are great for turning and carving and typically more suited for longboards and cruisers. Because of their conical shape, they have less polyurethane (less mass and resistance) they allow for greater deck lean.

The shape has less support in the middle which makes them ideal for carving.  The wide end should face upward and the narrow end downward.

If you’re a heavy rider, you should look for a different shape otherwise you’ll end up having too much deck lean causing unstable turns.

You can compensate this by picking harder barrel bushings and combine this with a softer cone bushing. More deck clearance might also help you to prevent wheelbite. If you’re under lbs go for durometer 87A. If you weigh over lbs go for durometer 93A.

Brands for regular skateboards:

  • Bones
  • Independent
  • Khiro
  • Mini logo
  • Oust

Brands to look for (longboard):

  • Venom
  • Riptide sports
  • Blood Orange

Double Cone-shaped Bushings

double cone bushing skateboard

Many skateboarders say this is the best combo, specifically Bones cone/cone bushings. I can’t testify as I never tried a set. 

A friend of mine who rides them says they seem to snap back in place faster than his last bushings. He likes his upper bushing a little harder than the lower bushings, mainly because he skates transition and likes stiff trucks.

I personally am fine with standard bushings and my general setup, so no need to change anything, it does make me curious though so I’ll report back when I tested them to see if I feel any difference.

Anyway, Bones bushings come in soft, medium and hard. Soft bushings start at Durometer 81A (61B),  medium durometer 91A (71B), hard 96A (76B). These are the most recommended bushings by street skateboarders. They offer a bit more stability compared to standard bushings but More about the durometer scale and weight in a moment.

Barrel Bushings

single barrel bushing

Because of their symmetrical shape barrel bushings are the most common bushings used in both regular skateboards and longboards. The polyurethane bushings have the largest pressure surface, density and provide the most stability.

If you’re looking for speed these bushings provide the most stability at high velocity. Downhill and speed-junkies usually go for this type of bushings as they prevent speed wobbling. Double barrel bushings are more suited for longboards and not regular skateboards.

Brands for regular skateboards:

  • Bones
  • Independent
  • Khiro
  • Mini logo
  • Oust

longboard brands to look for:

  • Venom
  • Ronin
  • Riptide sports
  • Rad

Double Barrel Bushings

double barrel bushings

Recommended for downhill speed maniacs and fast longboard freeride. The stiffness will provide lots of stability keeping you safer at great velocity. Go for the recommended brands mentioned at the single barrel bushings. Don’t forget to combine them with cup washers for more rebound and stability. Not recommended for carving and slalom.

Brands for regular skateboards:

  • Bones
  • Independent
  • Khiro
  • Mini logo
  • Oust

Longboard brands to look for:

  • Venom
  • Ronin
  • Riptide sports
  • Rad

Stepped bushings

single stepped bushing

Great for downhill riders and longboarders because of their stiffness and ability to compress and release to the center. Stepped bushings have a high rebound but are a bit stiffer in general which makes them less responsive. They’re a bit bigger than your average bushing and are designed to fill the bushing seat. It’s a bit harder to make a choice here as brands have different shapes lacking a standard.

Some have more of a curved shape and others have a more straight or a slight angle. Because of their shape, stepped bushings could be considered a combination of barrel and truck bushings. They are suitable for longboards and cruisers, but not designed for a regular skateboard.

Brand to look for (longboard):

Double Stepped Bushings

double stepped bushings

Go for double-stepped bushings if you want your trucks really tight. Because of their shape, they create a lot of lean resistance even if you have softer bushings. They have a larger surface like the barrel shapes but with an added indent on top. Stepped bushings are also referred to as stepped barrels because of the similar shape.

Besides tightness and stiffness, they also provide lots of rebound, meaning they snap back to the center quickly. Only suitable for longboarders that like speed and faster rides! This combination would be a nightmare on a regular skateboard.

Barrel/Stepped Bushings

barrel stepped bushings

Combining a barrel on top with a stepped bushing on the bottom creates a lot of stability in the trucks. This is a good choice for downhill longboarding, where stability is more important than making sharp turns. The stepped bushing provides stiffness and lean resistance allowing for a stable ride.

This combination of bushing shapes on the top and bottom will give you lots of rebound. Again, make sure to get cup washers to get even more stability. In general, this combination isn’t recommended for regular skateboards.

Hourglass bushings

hourglass bushings

Cone-shaped bushings but the smaller surfaces are placed on top of each other. This makes a longboard very responsive and allows for a great carving and turning experience. Less suitable for downhill as the high velocities will cause the trucks to wobble.

The larger surface area on top offers more resistance compared to barrel bushings and causes less shape distortion. The bottom is the opposite when leaning and they offer great rebound. Add some cup washers if you want more stability. This combination isn’t for regular skateboards and more suitable for slalom.

Bushing Hardness and Your Weight

bones hardcore bushings

The type of bushings you need depends on your weight. Your weight compresses the bushings when you turn and picking bushings that are too soft impacts balance. I noticed this when I picked up skateboarding again and gained some weight. It felt like my bushings were too loose.

After tightening the kingpin nut it didn’t really change anything. If felt my skateboard slipping away under my feet, especially my back truck was all over the place in the mini ramp. After getting some harder bushings I finally got the stability back and could skate more confident.

Heavier skaters should pick harder bushings but it also depends on your personal preference and style. Some like to ride them loose, there’s even a pro out there that entirely removed them.

The heavier you weight the harder your bushings should be (in general). However, if you like to have your trucks tights you can go with softer bushings. Riding tight trucks compresses the bushing making them less responsive and harder as they are squished together.

So if you’re a heavy skateboarder, make sure to get harder bushings. Here’s a table that explains which hardness you need according to your weight. This is a general indication and only meant for regular skateboards.

Weight (lbs)Weight (kg)FlexibleMediumHard (stiff)
50 – – 4565a78a81a
75 – 34 –  5680a83a85a
45 – 6685a87a88a
56 – 7988a90a93a
66 – 90a93a94a
– +79 – +91a93aa

Bushing Durometer

Like wheels, bushings are measured by durometer. Most brands use the Durometer A scale and others (Like Bones) use the B-scale. Durometer A is limited in scale, by using scale B manufacturers can produce harder wheels while the scale still makes sense.

Officially the A-scale goes from 1 to , so A doesn’t even exist. 84B makes more sense in that regard. Just keep in mind that Durometer A-scale is 20 points above durometer B-scale.

Brand divide the hardness into 3 categories; soft, medium, and hard. In between the categories, the hardness varies. Soft bushings have a durometer below 90A or 70B. These turn the best and compress the easiest.

They are suitable for lightweight skateboarders and people who prefer loose trucks. These are not suitable for speed maniacs as they become unstable causing your trucks to wobble.

Medium bushings are in the range of durometer 90A (70B) and about 96A (76B). They still have the responsiveness and are great for all-around skateboarding.

Hard bushings are in the range of durometer 96A (76B) and higher. These provide the most stability but are harder when turning. If you’re a bit on the heavy side, consider harder bushings. They are also excellent for tighter trucks and higher speeds.

Beware that not all brands classify soft, medium or hard bushings the same way so make sure to pick them according to your weight and the tightness of your trucks.

Bushing washers, seats, maintenance and tips

Don’t forget about washers when you’re looking for the right bushings. They have a huge impact on performance and stability. Another important factor is the way you tighten your trucks. If your trucks are too loose your deck becomes unstable, too tight might cause you to damage your bushings.

Bushings can be maintained but sometimes you just need to replace them. In time they’ll lose flexibility, dry out and need replacement.

Tightness of Trucks

Make sure not to show more than two threads on your kingpin when tightening your trucks. Tightening the nuts too much could damage your bushings and pivot cups, instead, get a set of harder bushings.

Both trucks should behave the same so try to evenly tighten them to make them behave the same. If, for example, your back truck is looser than your front your ride becomes unstable. Your board will start to wobble and turning will become harder.

You’ll have to feel your board in order to determine if you tightened them evenly. Having both trucks behave the same is especially beneficial when you skate switch a lot (symmetrical skateboards only though).

Tips for Loose Setups

In order to get most out of turning, get a set of soft cone bushings and a set of flat washers. Avoid wheelbite by making sure your trucks have the proper height or get a set of medium-soft bushings or soft bushings with cup washers.

Don’t forget about your weight, heavier skaters obviously need harder bushings to prevent wheelbite. As for trucks, get a pair of high trucks. If you need something more stable just go with the classic barrel/cone bushing. You’ll still be able to cruise and carve.

Tips for Tight Setups

Go for barrel bushings, one on top and one at the bottom. Barrel bushings provide more stability which you’ll need at higher speeds to prevent wobbling. Consider harder barrel bushings at the bottom combined with cup washers for maximum stability.

Flat Washers VS Cup Washers

One distinct difference in washers is the shape, washers can be flat or have a cup-like shape. Regular skateboarders shouldn’t worry about that but longboarders really need to consider the difference. flat washers won’t trap the bushings allowing for sharper turns, the cup-shape holds them together making your trucks tighter.

If you’re a downhiller you’ll need cup washers. If you like to cruise, travel long distances and like carving get flat washers. Regular skateboarders only need cup washers, flat washers will cause your trucks to be all over the place.

Flat washers offer a more consistent amount of resistance but have less rebound as it takes them longer to get back in place. Wider flat washers make turning a bit easier as they restrict the movement of your bushings more. They also snap back in place sooner compared to narrow washers.

Narrow flat washers allow more freedom of movement allowing for deeper carving. They take longer to get back into position and provide less stability.

Bushing seats

skateboard truck bushing seat

The bushing seat is where your bushings are placed on your trucks. It’s an indented round spot close to the hangar opening. The seat affects how the truck compresses the bushing when you lean on your skateboard.  Its main function is to keep your bushings in place and limit the force that can be applied when turning. 

There are 2 different types of seats, open bushings seats, and restrictive bushing seats. Don’t worry about this is you have a regular skateboard, it’s more of a longboard thing.

Open Bushing Seats

Open seats expose your bushing more compared to restrictive seats which allow for better turning. Because there’s less pressure your bushings become more flexible depending on how hard they are. If they’re too flexible for your taste, consider getting harder bushings.

Restrictive Bushing Seats

Restrictive seats are less ‘turny’ compared to open seats. They feature taller metal walls and enclose the bushings. This causes the bushing to compress against the walls when you make a turn.

When Should You Replace Your Bushings?

Once your bushings show cracks, crumbling, make noise or are squished it’s time to replace them. Bushings usually last for a very long time depending on how often and how aggressive you skate. Other factors are storage and climate.

High temperatures will wear them down sooner and storing them in hot and moist environments will shorten their lifespan. Squeaky sounds are usually a sign of dried out bushings that you can fix by putting soap shavings or candle wax inside the pivot cup. It’s a cheap solution and might fix the noise, if not replace them.

Clicking sounds often have to do with your washers. They may be a bit too large and start moving around your kingpin. It doesn’t happen very often and it’s best to just replace them.

Can I fit my longboard bushings on my skateboard? Yes, all bushings are the same size so you can swap them around. Not all bushings are suited for each type of skateboard though.

How long does it take for bushings to break in? It takes about 3 to 7 hours. Tightening your trucks speeds up the process, untighten later.

Replacing them is really easy, check the image below.

how to replace the bushings of your skateboard truck

Beginners should just stick with the stock bushings, you won’t notice the difference. Once you start to do more advanced tricks and bigger jumps you might notice the difference.

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How to Choose the Right Skateboard Bushings for Trucks

What skateboard truck bushings do I need?

Skateboard Truck Bushings

Skateboard truck bushings are the rubbery rings that fit around the kingpin on your skateboard trucks. Typically made of polyurethane, the bushings assist in allowing your board to turn and pivot smoothly. There should be two bushings on each truck (four total). The top bushing, which is on the kingpin above the hanger, helps the skateboard truck turn smoothly. The bottom bushing, which is on the kingpin between the hanger and the baseplate, can be tightened or loosened depending on how responsive you want your trucks to be.

Stiffer bushings will result in a more resistant board, which can be an advantage when performing tricks. For easy movement when cruising or carving the streets, looser bushings are a good option. Bushing tightness depends on each rider's preferences, and bushings can be easily adjusted to suit your needs. Skateboard truck bushings are all the same size, and will fit any skateboard, longboard, or cruiser sold on Warehouse Skateboards. Check out the available skateboard truck bushings currently in stock.

About skateboard truck bushing durometer

To determine the hardness of the skateboard bushings, we refer to the durometer. Skateboard bushing durometer is usually measured on a Durometer A Scale which goes from to measure hardness. Some companies use the B Scale which measures 20 points lower, allowing the scale to be extended by 20 points for harder bushings. So an 80b durometer is the same as a durometer.

Skateboard truck bushings are measured by durometer, or hardness. Most companies use the Durometer A scale, which ranges from (the higher the number, the harder the bushings). A handful of companies use the Durometer B scale, which measures 20 points lower and allows the scale an extra 20 points for harder bushings. For example, an 80b durometer is the same hardness as a a durometer. These skateboard truck bushings have a wider and more accurate hardness range.

Softer bushings are easier for your hanger to compress, and therefore it is easier to turn on softer bushings. Harder bushings result in stiffer turns. Importantly, how tight or loose you keep your bushings also effects your skateboard's turn responsiveness.Softer bushings are easier for your hanger to compress, and therefore it is easier to turn on softer bushings. Harder bushings result in stiffer turns. Some skateboarders choose different durometers for the top and bottom bushings.

Skateboard Truck Bushings Shapes

Skateboard bushing shape and style

In addition to durometer, the shape of your skateboard bushings is also a big factor. In recent years, skateboarders have been experimenting with different bushing shapes to accentuate their rides. Some bushings are symmetrical between the top and bottom, but in some sets the top and bottom bushing are shaped differently.

The three basic shapes of skateboard bushings are conical, barrel, and eliminator. How these shapes are mixed and matched within a set leads to a handful of common bushing styles. Here is a detailed breakdown of the basic bushing styles on the market today:

Cone/Barrel Bushings Skateboard BushingsCone/Barrel Bushings
Cone/barrel bushings (also known as standard barrel or conventional bushings) are the most common shape for skateboard bushings because they are so versatile. The bottom bushing is barrel shaped, which allows it to fit securely into the bushing seat, and the conical top bushing creates a lot of deck lean, making it easier to carve. Many riders put a tougher durometer bushing on the bottom to maximize the capabilities of conventional bushings.

Double Barrel Bushings Skateboard BushingsDouble Barrel Bushings
As the name suggests, the top and bottom bushings are identical and barrel shaped. These bushings are also called downhill bushings because the superior stability they offer makes them a great choice for skating downhill at high speeds. They won't allow for as much turn as a conical bushing, but that can be somewhat offset by choosing a softer durometer.

Cone Bushings Skateboard BushingsCone Bushings
This style features two conical bushings, and because of the high amount of deck lean they allow for, they are also known as super carve bushings. These bushings are intended for sharp turns and carving.

Double Stepped Bushings Skateboard BushingsDouble Stepped Bushings
Stepped bushings are similar to barrel shaped, except they have indents cut out on the top and bottom (you may also hear them called step-barrel). Rocking two stepped bushings on your truck creates a lot of lean resistance, but also a ton of rebound. Double stepped bushings will make for very tight trucks, even if you are using a softer durometer.

Barrel/Stepped Bushings Skateboard BushingsBarrel/Stepped Bushings
Combining a barrel on top with a stepped bushing on the bottom creates a lot of stability in the trucks. This is a good choice for downhill longboarding, where stability is key rather than making sharp turns. This combination of bushing shapes on the top and bottom will give you lots of rebound.

Components related to skateboard bushings

Bushing Washers

Bushing washers are round metal washers that fit under skateboard bushings on each truck, and are installed by simply sliding them on the kingpin. The purpose of bushing washers is to prevent the bushings from getting deformed by the pressure exerted on the trucks. A total of four bushing washers will be included when you purchase skateboard trucks. In most sets, the washers will be all the same size, though some manufacturers will include two smaller washers (for the top bushing) and two larger washers (for the bottom bushing). So, from top to bottom around your kingpin, the setup should be as follows: bottom washer, bottom bushing, bushing seat, top bushing, top washer, lock nut. Whew!

Bushing washers can be flat or slightly cupped at the edges. Flat washers allow the bushings more lateral slide, and allow them to stretch a bit more. Cupped washers restrict bushing movement, which further prevents the bushings from deforming or blowing out completely. In other words, flat washers provide low resistance, and cupped washers provide higher resistance. The shape of bushing washer you choose should match up with the shape of bushing you're using in order to function properly. Also, be careful not to pair cupped bushing washers with overly soft bushings, as the edge can cut into the bushing and damage it.

Bushing Seats

Simply put, a bushing seat is the indented spot around the hanger opening where the bushings will sit. The kingpin fits through the opening, and the bushings are then fitted around the kingpin. The primary function of bushing seats is to support the bushings and keep them from compressing too much under the pressure of riding.

There are two main categories of bushing seats: open and restrictive. Restrictive bushing seats are more enclosed and have taller walls so the bushings fit securely into them. Open bushing seats are not as deep, and because of this they compress the bushing seat less and create less resistance. Regardless of which bushing seat shape you choose, it's important to match your seats with the right kind of bushings. How tight your bushing seats should hold your bushings really depends on your personal preferences and what style skateboarding you're doing.

For the on replacing your bushings, check out our Skateboard Trucks Maintenance Guide.

Check out the available skateboard truck bushings currently in stock.

Top Selling Bushings

Independent Standard Cylinder Cushions Black Skateboard Bushings - 2 Pair with Washers - 94a


Independent Standard Conical Cushions Blue Skateboard Bushings - 2 Pair with Washers - 92a


Independent Standard Cylinder Cushions Yellow Skateboard Bushings - 2 Pair with Washers - 96a


Independent Standard Conical Cushions Black Skateboard Bushings - 2 Pair with Washers - 94a


Still have questions?

We are Warehouse Skateboards. Our goal is to provide you with great customer service and information to make an informed skate purchase.

Give our customer service team a call at They will help you find the right products to fit your skateboarding needs. Still have questions? Please fill out our simple contact form.

When \u0026 How to Change Skateboard Bushings - Tactics

Bushings Independent Standard Conical (4 bushings)

Set of 4 Bushings Independant Standard Conical

  • White: 78a Super Soft
  • Red: 88a Soft
  • Orange: 90a Medium
  • Blue: 92a Medium Hard
  • Black: 94a Hard
  • Yellow: 96a Super Hard

More details


In stock - Shipped within 24H

Warning: Last items in stock!

Availability date

Bushings Independent Standard Conical (4 bushings) Specs

Riding style : Street - Park

Overall specs :

  • White: 78a Super Soft
  • Red: 88a Soft
  • Orange: 90a Medium
  • Blue: 92a Medium Hard
  • Black: 94a Hard
  • Yellow: 96a Super Hard

Other : set of 4 + Cup washers (complete set for 2 trucks)

Length (cm)
Width (cm)
Poids (kg)

Bushings guide independent

Independent Bushings

Of course, your weight also plays a role in how steerable your bushings are. As a rule of thumb: the more you weigh, the harder your bushings should be. For a 75kg person, we recommend bushings of 86A to 90A for soft steering. If you prefer harder steering at the same weight, we suggest using A bushings. With the help of the following table, you can determine which bushing hardness suits you.

Sure - the specifications are only recommendations. Even if you're a little heavier, you can ride soft bushings. If you weigh very little, we recommend avoiding very hard bushings, because you might have problems steering properly. If you've found the right skate bushing hardness, you can find matching sets in the shop with the filter "bushing hardness".

Body weightBushing hardness -
soft steering
Bushing hardness -
hard steering
< 65kgAA
65 – 80kgAA
80 – 90kgAA
> 90kg96 - AA
Skate Tips - Trucks skateboard - reView Bones bushing


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