Kumite muay thai

Kumite muay thai DEFAULT

wko pattaya

WKO, which stands the World Kumite Organization, is often overlooked as a place to train Muay Thai due to its appearance as a Kung Fu school. The gym is owned by a man named Robert McInnes, who has an extensive martial arts background.

In 1993, Sifu McInnes was the first Westerner to be become an official referee at Lumpinee stadium. If you do a search for Ramon Dekkers vs Jomhod on Youtube, you’ll see him working the famous fight.

Sifu McInnes also has an impressive reputation for training fighters, and he received an award from the Prince of Thailand for his achievements.

In 1991, he took on a young 15 year old Thai boy who aspired to become a champion. His name was Yodsanan and after a few years of training with Sifu McInnes, and having never fought before McInnes started training him, he captured the PABA super featherweight boxing title and eventually went on to become a WBA world champion.

At the time of this writing, Yodsanan has a 51-3-1 record (Western boxing) and is working as a trainer at Evolve MMA in Singapore. You can look up Yodsanan “Sityodtong/Sor Nantthachai/3k Battery” or “Yodsanan Mini Tyson” to watch some of his fights.

With Yodsanan showing such dramatic improvements, Yodtong Senanan (founder of the Sityodtong camp and trainer to more Muay Thai champions than anyone else in the history of Muay Thai), requested that McInnes take on another young boy he had at his camp. His name was Yodumlung and under the his guidance, he also captured a WBA boxing title.

Sifu McInnes also had success as a Muay Thai trainer as his teachings helped contribute to the success of Sakmongkol Sithchuchok (5x WMC World champion and 3x Lumpinee stadium champion) and Chatchai Paiseetong (3x Lumpinee stadium champion who represented the Sityodtong camp).

Sakmongkol, who is now viewed as a living legend for his achievements during the “golden age” of the sport, is currently working as a trainer at WKO.


The WKO gym is centrally located on Pattaya Klang, which runs from the main Sukhumvit road down to the beach. If you’re coming from the beach, the gym will be on your right hand side, just after you pass the Big C on the left side. The reverse applies if you’re going down Pattaya Klang from Sukhumvit (the gym will be on your left side before you reach the Big C shopping center on your right). The exact address is 503/16 M9 Pattaya Klang Rd.


The gym doesn’t provide accommodation but with a central location, and Pattaya’s convenient “baht bus” system, you can easily commute to the gym from most areas of the city. Accommodation, both short and long term, is quite easily found in Pattaya.

Training Info and Photos

As mentioned above, Sakmongkol is working as a trainer here so you may have a chance to work with one of the best fighters of his time. Important to note is that there isn’t a morning training session here, which partially explains the low cost for training at approximately 4000 baht per month. Based on my experience, this is very much a gym where you’ll get back what you put in.

You can do drop in session where you just smash pads with a trainer and leave shortly after, or you can explain to the trainers what you’re hoping to get out of the session (focus on clinching or certain techniques) and they’ll accommodate you.

The most comprehensive resource on training at the WKO gym is on Sylvie von Duuglas-Ittu’s blog. She has an excellent series on there entitled “training with Sakmongkol“, which documents her time training at WKO.


Sours: https://muaythaicampsthailand.com/wko-pattaya/

I took part and completed the blackbelt 100 man kumite on saturday and even had the pleaseure pf being part of Paddy Doyles new record of sparring 141 blackbelts. My feet are covered in blisters but I did it and feel proud of myself, I am now part of the WUMA WARLORDS. respect Lethal

Well done Leif!!! You must be very proud!


Pardon my ignorance but what is the 100 man Kumite?

From what i understand the 100 man kumite under Mas Oyama was 100 2 minute full contact rounds with different opponents in which you had to hold your own or dominate or the fight was stopped.

It was an incredible test of bruteforce stamina, strenght and technique. As far as i know only a handful of fighters ever acomplished this under Mas Oyama, I think Fancisco Filho was one of them, (could be wrong) I have never been trained in Kyo ku shin.

From what i have read you had to be of a high standard to be allowed to attempt it. Maybe some students of Kyokushin can explain beter than me.

With all my deepest respect Lethal-Leif 2, I don’t think you past the same test at the fighters named on my list, and the same test as most people call "The 100 Men Kumite". You are talking about your feet’s are covered in blisters - All others who took this test has been more or less hospitalized for days after the attempt, and you got blisters on your feet’s?

And before the test can be recognized, it has to be filmed by the Official organization, and the President of the Organization would have to be there, the 100 fighters that are used to the test are special handpicked etc.etc....

Here a list of all the fighters ever to past the 100 men kumite test:

Mas Oyama 1965: Mas Oyama, the founder of Kyokushin unbelievably carried this this test successfully on three successive days.

Steve Arneil 1965: From Great Britain (now 9th Dan) was the very first other than Sosai Oyama, and he did them all in one day. He is now the head of the International Federation of Karate (IFK).

Tadashi Nakamura 1965: Now known as Kaicho Nakamura, he is the founder of World Seido Karate, based in New York.

Shigeru Oyama 1965: No relationship to Sosai, he is now head of his own style, World Oyama Karate based in New York.

Loek Hollander 1967.

John Jarvis 1967.

Howard Collins 1971 : He was the first to do it compulsorily in one day.

Miyuki Miura 1972: The first Japanese to do it in one day.

Akiyoshi Matsui 1986: Matsui is now the head of the International Karate Organization IKO-1.

Ademir Da Costa 1987: The legendry Brazilian completed the test the same year as he retired form tournament fighting.

Keiji Sanpei 1990.

Akira Masuda 1991.

Kenji Yamaki 1995. World Open Champion 1995

Francisco Filho 1995: Filho amazingly completed this test in Brazil and then only a month later carried out the test successfully in Japan.

Hajime Kazumi 1999.

Klaus Rex 2002.

Copy from Australian Kyokushin / http://www.australiankyokushin.com/kumite.shtml

Mas Oyama started to institute the 100-man kumite as a requirement for attaining 4th or 5th dan. He soon found however, that not everyone had the spirit to do it, though the physical skill could "easily" be taught. The indomitable will, courage, and determination — the "Spirit of Osu" in it's extreme — just wasn't to be found in everyone. Thus it became a voluntary exercise for those few who had the right stuff.

At first, the fights could be completed over two days if so desired by the person doing it, but after 1967, Mas Oyama decided that they should all be fought on the same day. In addition to the basic requirement of 100 fights, other requirements are that the competitor must clearly win at least 50% of the fights, and if knocked down, should not stay down for longer than 5 seconds.

It is worth making some comparisons in order to put the 100 man kumite in perspective. Most of the readers here might already have an inkling, but some figures will help in appreciating Mas Oyama's unparalleled 300 fights. A World Championship tournament might consist of 7 or 8 rounds of tough kumite, and with allowances for 4 extensions and no byes, this would come to just over half an hour of fighting. I expect however, there would however be reasonably lengthy rest breaks between rounds, with time to tend to injuries, in the case of a tournament.

Consider a boxer going 100 rounds non-stop with no more than 1 minute breaks betweenrounds and with a new opponent each round, and with the requirement of winning at least 50 of these rounds. Imagine up to 4 hours of non-stop full-contact kumite, bearing in mind that in Kyokushin tournaments we are only allowed mouth and groin guards! To be fair, if the candidate is good and knocks his opponent down fast enough, the round can be over in less than full time.

It seems unlikely that anyone will ever again achieve the same as Mas Oyama did with his 300 rounds!

The One Hundred Man Kumite of Kyokushinkai Karate The Kyokushinkai organization has built its strength on a foundation of the fighting ability and courage not only of its founder, the late Grandmaster Masutatsu Oyama, but its students. Sosai Oyama therefore introduced a test unique only to Kyokushin Karate, the "Hyaku Nin Kumite" or the "One Hundred Man Kumite".

This is considered the ultimate test in Kyokushin Karate as one has to fight 100 opponents in full contact knockdown fighting with each bout lasting two minutes. Should one be knocked down for more than five seconds, one would fail the test even if it were your last fight. To make it more difficult, one must win a greater percentage of your fight by Ippon (full points) and not take continuous punishment or block only, in order to stay on your feet.

To show that this feat could be done, in his prime Sosai Oyama fought 100 opponents on each of three consecutive days. He wanted to continue for a fourth day but there were no opponents left to fight. It is little wonder that only 13 other people in the whole world have successfully completed this test, where only the strongest, both mentally and physically, survive.

Maybe it is not the same kumite that you are thinkng of, this was for charity and we had to spar 100 blackbelts, we did 1 min rounds with 10 sec break in between. we had a 10 min break in betwen the first 50 and the last 50.All money raised goes to motor nuerone disease.

Good on ya Leif, a great achievement and for a worthy cause!

Leif, congrats either way we are proud of you Mate

I have only had my 1st dan since july and alot of the guys were men and full contact fighters, some even world champions. There was about 12 juniors but all the adults showed us great respect by using control and teaching us a few techniques.

Oliver, this kid Lethal Leif is no where close to being a man, he is an up and coming star from the UK and has just reached 14.

So give him some credit!!

hey Guys (well Oliver really) lets not take away from Leif's achievment. This is a young man of 14 who did 100 rounds!!!! Makes no difference what rules that's a big thing to do.

It was not the Kyokushin knockdown, but then he didn't say it was.

100 rounds of sparring is tough..well done Leif, give it a few years and we'll all be calling you boss I reckon LOL

well done to those supportin Leif, as mo an colin both point out leif is 14 an to complete a 100 rounds of sparrin deserves credit where its due! good on you mate!!!!,

Yeah he is indeed a cute little 14 year old! looks more of a 7 year old.

hey Mo,
How you doin, not seen u lately, was at hardy spicers yesterday but was wacked with my feet, did 2 demo's 1 thai 1 kick but regretted it today. lol.

sorry, I did not know your age!

respect from Denmark,



no offence taken and thanks for the info on the other 100 man kumite, respect leif

Nice one Leif I am sure Oliver meant no disrespect to you, rather just a lack of info on yourself and the event, and yes that's right the day after this mamouth task Leif was there the next day at an open show ready to do battle again. Well done Leif, you continue to do yourself and those associated with you very proud.

Thanks Alan,
likewise with Tyler, Qasim and Tommy. I hope we in the next few years do the martial arts proud. respect Leif

Not "100 Man Kumite"
Absolutely NOT.
It was 100 Kids Sparring?
Oliver Sperling did nothing wrong, doesn't need to appologize, and was absolutely right to make the posts he made.

But, it is a nice little accomplishment by Lethal Leif 2.

Barney - Relax a little man. 100 Rounds for a 36 Kilo 14 year old is more than a nice little accomplishment - Its extremely impressive.

I think the term 100 Man Kumite is where the confusion lies. And Lief had no problem in clarify when asked. I like to point out that very few people on ax could complete that feat (liefs achivement) let alone the fact he is only 14.

So a little credit where credit is due - how many kids come on here and post with such maturity in the first place.

Well done Lief Congrats, and Oliver as usual very fair and honourable.

Full respect to Leif for his effort and dedication the problem has nothing to do with him but rather that fact that his Sensei has used a term that Kyokushin practioners and many other martial artists hold sacred. It would be like holding muay thai tournament and calling it "KINGS CUP" cause your last name was King lol.

Anyway it sounds like it was for a good cause, and even a 100 rounds of sparring is a pretty challenging acomplishment.

100 rounds of sparring is indeed a pretty challenging accomplishment, especially when you only are 14 years old. Again... I did not know about your age, or about the all money raised went to motor neurone disease.

Sparring rules or real knock down kumite, at the end of the day it means all the same when you are 14 years old, and has work real hard to help people in need.

As Lightning Mike Angove says; The term 100 Man Kumite is where the confusion lies.

Keep it up Lethal-Leif 2!!

It is also only a few weeks since leif took a bronze in the wka world championships, so to take part in such a strenuous event a 100 round is a hell of an achievement! Just because an event borrows from something more traditional doesn't make it any less credible, how many fighters in the uk fight under K1 rules yet have never fort in the K1, I consider leif not only a friend but a fantastic advert for all martial artists both young an old, and it genuinly saddens me when people are so quick to try an take away from his acomplishments, it jus seems petty!

I used to be blowing after 2 rounds so don`t know how you did it Leif, good work mate!

Wow, I am totally impressed. And like the others have said your age (14), young brother you have every right to be proud.

Thanks everyone, just thought it was a good cause and thought I had better chance of completing it now when young and fit than wait til I'm older.lol. Though fair play there was alot of guys there who had been training fore about 20 yrs and everyone completed it.

By the way Paddy Doyle broke his World record and Sparred 141 blackbelts. Well Done Paddy


For all us fighters with only about 5 years to go in their careers - I have a mission for us all!

We need to form together in a secret clan - one with a mission to delay our own poor demise. Lets get together and KICK LEIF'S BUTT HARD!!!!

Lol, 'cause if we leave it any later, and allow him to get any older, its OUR butts that he's gonna kick!!!

So lets get him while we still may have a chance.....

(Guru Head Moose of the 'I'm scared of up and coming fighters who are gonna kick out butts society')

Seriously though, its a great achievement!

100 rounds for charity have been done in the UK many years, Kevin Brewerton did one for the 'Kick Drugs out of America' campaign of the early 90's, for example.

The confusion lies with the legendary Kyokoshini-thingy (can't spell!) 100man, which is a bit different. I've read the posts, and its so good to see people like Oliver and Leif chatting so nicely despite starting apparantly from so far apart...

Its funny that we have one of the older AX members (sorry Oliver, you know what I mean - I hope!) and probably the youngest showing is all how to be top forum members - thanks guys!



And I thought you were my m8, lol. well it is a good job you train in low kicks cos to kick my butt would be to you a defo low kick, I am only 4ft nothing. lol.

thanks for the beleif in me m8, great respect Lethal

Wicked Leif. You da man.... so to speak. You must be one fit dude. You've done so much for your age and your only 4 years younger than me.

Great respect from the South Side of the Hemisphere, Hot Sizzle aka Geoff.

i aint got a clue parks, can i call you tony please? lol

Thank you Smiler!

I might be old, but I am not over the hill yet:-)

Respect to all my English friends from Copenhagen,

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Martial arts grappling technique

For the 2003 Hong Kong film alternatively titled The Kumite, see Star Runner. For the fictional martial arts tournament, see Bloodsport (film).

Motobu's twelve kumite (1926)

Kumite (Japanese: 組手, literally "grappling hands") is one of the three main sections of karate training, along with kata and kihon. Kumite is the part of karate in which a person trains against an adversary, it was used for street fighting too. There were many underground fight clubs involving kumite using the techniques learned from the kihon and kata.[1]

Kumite can be used to develop a particular technique or a skill (e.g. effectively judging and adjusting one's distance from one's opponent) or it can be done in competition.[2][3]


Since the word "kumite" refers to forms of sparring, it covers a vast range of activities. In traditional Shotokan karate, the first type of kumite for beginners is gohon kumite. The defender steps back each time, blocking the attacks and performing a counterattack after the last block. This activity looks nothing like the jiyu kumite (or "free sparring") practiced by more advanced practitioners, which is far closer to how karate would look if used in a real fight, especially because it is not choreographed.


  • Ippon kumite - one step sparring, typically used for self-defense drills
  • Sanbon kumite - three-step sparring, typically used to develop speed, strength, and technique[4][5][6]
  • Gohon kumite - five-step sparring, pre-arranged attack and counter exercises
  • Kiso kumite - structured sparring drawn from a kata
  • Jiyu kumite - free sparring
  • Jiyu ippon kumite - one step semi-free sparring
  • Iri Kumi - free sparring in Okinawan dialect, used in Gōjū-Ryū
  • Jiyu Kobo - old version of Jiyu Kumite in Uechi-Ryū used by Uechi Kanbun's Wakayama dojo

Delivering strikes[edit]

Many schools feel it is important that karateka "pull their punches". Karate training is designed to give its practitioners the ability to deliver devastating power through techniques like punches and kicks. Often the aim of training is that each single strike should be enough to subdue the opponent. However, this clearly would make it difficult to train due to the possibility of injury. Many beginners, while sparring, will be instructed to develop control and accuracy first, then speed and power later. In doing this, it may seem like the student is pulling his punches, when actually, he is developing technique first. For injury purposes, certain targets are discouraged, like strikes to the knee and face contact for low ranks. Many schools prohibit strikes to the groin, while others allow it completely. Some schools might limit contact to light contact all around, while others may employ power usage at higher grades.

All types of sparring allow the martial artist to develop both control and experience in delivering powerful strikes against an opponent. In full contact karate, punches are often "pulled" to some slight extent in training, to minimize the occurrence of injuries that would interrupt practice. However, some karate schools use protective gear in free sparring, so that strikes can be delivered closer to their full power. Most karate clubs and most styles of karate combine some controlled full-contact sparring and some sparring with protective gear (from gloves to feet pads and up to full head and even chest guards such as in taekwondo).

However, a few more traditional clubs that never use protective gear for sparring (except groin and mouth guards that protect against accidental injuries) argue that a karateka will not be able to make their most powerful strike when sparring in the dojo (against a friend whom they no doubt do not want to injure) even if this opponent is wearing protective clothing. Therefore, the karateka will still be using some level of control, as is obviously necessary, and cannot truly capture the spirit of one lethal strike whilst sparring. Except for a life or death self-defense situation, the spirit and power of the single lethal strike can only be achieved when a karateka does not have to avoid injuring their training partner. The traditionalists therefore argue that there is no benefit to sparring with more forceful strikes.

However, in Kyokushin Karate no padding[7] is used and fighters don't "pull their punches" as fights are finished by knockdown.


In some forms of competition kumite, punching ("tsuki") and kicking ("geri") techniques are allowed at the head ("jodan") and abdomen ("chudan"). In some tournaments, face contact is allowed, sometimes limited to senior practitioners. One example of a scoring system is that the first competitor to take eight points in three minutes wins the bout.

Kumite is an essential part of karate training, and free sparring is often experienced as exciting, because both opponents have to react and adapt to each other very quickly.

In tournaments kumite often takes place inside of a 'ringed' area similar to that of a boxing ring. If a karateka steps out of the ring, they are given a warning. If they step out of the ring two times, the other person gains a point. Many international tournaments use a "point sparring" form of kumite that requires control ('pulling punches') and therefore warnings can be dealt for excessive force on techniques to the head, or sensitive areas. Full contact is permitted to the torso area of the body only. Some tournament rules allow for light contact to the head, whereas other rules do not allow this.

Kumite also includes a series of guidelines that, if followed correctly, result in a clean and safe fight. These are some of those guidelines:

  • A karateka must remain in some form of proper fighting stance and in the "kamae-te" position (hands up, ready to fight position)
  • A karateka must be aware of all obstacles around him/her
  • A karateka must never deliberately endanger themselves by turning their back to their opponent
  • A practiced and well trained karateka must concentrate on stance and footwork

For the last point about stance and footwork: it is often taught that a karateka who wishes to be fast and agile while competing in kumite should always be 'pulsing'. Pulsing is where the karateka remains almost bouncing on the balls of their feet to maintain minimal frictional contact with the ground, allowing them to move quickly.

Another aspect of kumite which is often seen in international tournaments, as well as many local competitions is what is referred to as clashing.[citation needed] Clashing is where both opponents throw techniques against each other at the same time, often resulting in both getting hit with the techniques. This creates a problem for referees as they are unable to make out which technique was quick, on target and recoiled - all the things that constitute a clean technique that is scored. Because of clashing, most modern day karateka are taught to practice kumite in a 'one for one' situation where one attacks, then the other attacks and so on. However, due to the speed of these techniques, and the speed of the footwork of each karateka, to the casual observer it may appear that they are still clashing when in fact they are not. When opponents are considered to be clashing, the head referee should declare "aiuchi" which means "simultaneous hit". When a winner is decided, the referee will announce "~ no kachi" which means "~'s win".

The tournament rules of full contact or "knockdown" styles of karate often don't award any points for controlled techniques delivered to the opponent. In fact, they usually don't award points for full-force techniques delivered to the opponent either. Instead, points are only awarded for knocking, sweeping, or throwing your opponent to the floor. Kyokushinkai and its "offshoot" karate organizations are the styles usually known to promote knockdown tournament rules. They believe this type of tournament competition is closer to "real life" personal combat, although still in a tournament setting with rules.

There are three criticisms to date. First, is the quickness versus skill argument. The tournament fighter learns how to shoot in quickly but deliver an unimpressive strike that gains him or her a point. Also, the question of discoloration of face due to contact, which can allow for disqualification. It is often difficult to gauge the true intensity of the attack, so this could cause questioning. Last, it is seen as sport and sport alone. Traditionalists may dismiss it as "useless", but modern dojos often band with other dojos to form organizations that utilize a tournament circuit as a way to promote their dojos.


Most high school karate associations use the following point scheme:

1 point: punching to chest and stomach.
2 points: back slap kick.
3 points: face slap kick.

International competition under the World Karate Federation also includes the following point scoring:

2 points: punching or kicking the adversary's back.
3 points: for a sweep/takedown with a follow up technique such as a stomp or a punch. (Any sweep/takedown that is not followed up with a technique may be ruled to be a dangerous technique that can result in a warning against the instigator of that sweep/takedown.)

See also[edit]


  1. ^Inc, Active Interest Media (1 March 1996). "Black Belt". Active Interest Media, Inc. Retrieved 7 August 2017 – via Google Books.
  2. ^Thompson, Chris (7 August 2017). Black Belt Karate. New Holland Publishers. ISBN . Retrieved 7 August 2017 – via Google Books.
  3. ^Kane, Lawrence A. (1 November 2015). The Way to Black Belt: A Comprehensive Guide to Rapid, Rock-Solid Results. YMAA Publication Center, Inc. ISBN . Retrieved 7 August 2017 – via Google Books.
  4. ^Lund, Graeme (29 December 2015). Essential Karate Book: For White Belts, Black Belts and All Karateka in Between. Tuttle Publishing. ISBN . Retrieved 7 August 2017 – via Google Books.
  5. ^Inc, Active Interest Media (1 December 1993). "Black Belt". Active Interest Media, Inc. Retrieved 7 August 2017 – via Google Books.
  6. ^Oyama, Mas (7 August 2017). Mas Oyama's Classic Karate. Sterling Publishing Company, Inc. ISBN . Retrieved 7 August 2017 – via Google Books.
  7. ^‘’Kumite Video Examples - Croydon Martial Arts - Budo Kyokushinkai’’Archived 2014-10-06 at the Wayback Machine
Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kumite
This is How Traditional Karate Kata \u0026 Kumite Techniques are used in MMA - Karate Culture

Karate vs Muay Thai: which style is more effective in a fight?

Karate vs Muay Thai: one of the most popular martial art versus one of the toughest stand-up fighting styles.
Both style are based on a different philosophy of training: Karate puts greater pressure on Forms and Muay Thai on technical sparring.

Karate consists of many different styles that vary in effectiveness, while Muay Thai is more unified. Let's take a look at the cons and pros of each style.

Karate styles and their main characteristics:

  • Kyokushin, a full-contact Karate: it allows kicks to the head. No hand strikes to the head are allowed by the rules
  • Shotokan, a traditional style: it allows weak kicks and punches, surface contact only, to the head
  • American Kenpo, a modern hybrid style: it incorporates techniques from different styles of traditional Karate schools.
  • Seidokaikan, a full-contact Karate style: rules allow kicks to the head and hand strikes to the head
  • Goju-Ryu, a traditional Karate style: it was influenced by Kung Fu. It puts more pressure on kata than on sparring [kumite]. Joint locks and throws are allowed in this style.

Karate vs Muay Thai: which style is more effective in a fight?

  • in Muay Thai there is no Kata. In Thai Boxing, the main focus in training is put on pad work, heavy bag workout, and technical sparring. Once you are advanced enough you can start doing tough full-contact sparring. That is how you learn how to fight with a tough opponent that "can kickback".

    Karate, on the other hand, puts more pressure on training forms [Kata] and sparring [Kumite] is not a main tool of training.
    In Thai boxing training experience comes from full-contact sparring as opposed to karate semi-contact and point sparring.
  • Both styles have a different philosophy of fighting: in Karate you aim and stop your fist at the opponent's face. In Muay Thai you punch your opponent like you would like to make a hole in his face. And you kick him like you would like to slice his body in half with your shin. It sounds extreme but this way you put more power into your strikes.
  • Most Karate styles, with few exceptions, don't allow punches to the head. This results in fighters keeping their hands low which makes them open for head kicks. It is especially dangerous when fighting a Muay Thai fighter which can deliver a powerful head kick.
  • Some Karate straight leg kicks are faster than Muay Thai kicks. This, however, is compensated by a power behind Muay Thai kicks which are delivered with a shin and not with the foot.
  • A Karate practitioner is also very vulnerable to leg sweeps due to a very narrow stance - he would be swept down on the ground at will be a seasoned Thai boxer.

When I compare different fighting styles I like to look at MMA to see which striking style is the most dominant in the cage? It seems that most of the MMA fighters choose Muay Thai as their primary striking style so far. People like Jose Also, Joanna Jedrzejczyk, or Rafael Dos Anjos, to name a few, all chose Muay Thai as their striking style.

There are some exceptions of course. Guys like Lyoto Machida is one of them. He is a successful MMA fighter and a karateka. He started training with his father when he was only 3 years old. He trains a hybrid karate style called Machida style. It is very different than traditional karate and it puts a lot of pressure on full-contact sparring.

Another important aspect is that due to its use of knee and elbow strikes Muay Thai is much more suitable for the purpose of self-defense.

Also take a look at:

Home › Muay Thai vs› Karate vs Muay Thai
Sours: http://www.effectivemuaythai.com/karate-vs-muay-thai.html

Thai kumite muay

Bloodsport (1988)

My involvement in that tournament was part of a plan, launched in 1975, to infiltrate the criminal organizations that organized the fights. The original idea was to participate in the Kumite tournament and make a few contacts. We initially assumed I would lose, but eventually I became one of the best Kumite fighters to ever participate in the event.
-Frank Dux (Martial Arts Magazine)

Questioning the Story:

Is the underground Kumite Tournament in the movie Bloodsport real?
Jean Claude Van Damme Bloodsport Frank Dux
Frank Dux (right, circa 1975) shared a similar resemblance with his onscreen counterpart Jean-Claude Van Damme (left).
According to the movie, the Kumite tournament is a no-holds-barred mixed martial arts competition held in secret every five years. In the 1988 film, we see Jean-Claude Van Damme, playing Frank Dux, triumphing over a ruthless fighter named Chong Li, portrayed by a then 50-year-old Bolo Yeung.

As stated in the November 1980 Black Beltmagazine interview, titled "Kumite: A Learning Experience," the real Frank Dux did in fact attend and win the 1975 Kumite, weighing in as a heavyweight. His experience became the inspiration for the onscreen events in the 1988 movieBloodsport. However, according to Frank's accounts, "The Kumite" was held in Nassau, Bahamas in 1975, not in Hong Kong like we see in the film. Controversy has arisen around Dux's own past and his stories of The Kumite. In our own correspondence with Frank, he named numerous organizations as acknowledging the existence of The Kumite, including the USA Martial Arts Hall of Fame, The Alliance, Black Dragon Fighting Society, Shinjimatsu (Yokohama, Japan), Golden Globe International Martial Arts Hall of Fame, and Imperial, among others.

Black Beltmagazine's November 1980 issue states the following, "The truth is that a full-contact kumite event is indeed held at a private location once every five years. The event is sponsored by the International Fighting Arts Association (I.F.A.A.) which, although not a publicity seeking organization, is far from secret." (Black Belt Magazine, 1980, p. 28).

Bloodsport t-shirts
Bloodsport t-shirts, including the bestselling Kumite t-shirt, have helped fans celebrate the movie and the legendary tournament.
Considering that the Kumite took place nearly two decades before the emergence of the internet, coupled with the I.F.A.A.'s desire to remain out of the public eye, it is not hard to understand why an online search for the I.F.A.A. organization yields little evidence of its existence, other than a brief mention on the websiteFasstDuxRyu.com. The website is run by one of Dux's former students, Sky Benson, who uses the website to help promote Dux's fighting system, FASST™/Dux Ryu.

In communications with Frank, he stated that the I.F.A.A. has since disbanded and that the Black Dragon Fighting Society is a "derivative affiliate" of the former organization, which was still in existence when the 1980 Black Beltmagazine article was written. This might also help to explain why an online search for the I.F.A.A. yields such a small number of results. The Black Dragon Fighting Society (BDFS) is a sponsor of the Kumite in the Bloodsportmovie. It should be noted that the BDFSacknowledges Frank Dux's championship titles and world records, which are listed on their South African website.

Frank's records also appear at the end of the Bloodsportmovie, displayed as follows:

From 1975 to 1980 Frank W. Dux fought 329 matches.
He retired undefeated as the World Heavy Weight
Full Contact Kumite Champion.

Mr. Dux still holds four world records:

Fastest Knockout - 3.2 seconds
Fastest Punch with a Knockout - .12 seconds
Fastest Kick with a Knockout - 72 mph
Most Consecutive Knockouts in a Single Tournament - 56

Those who believe that the Kumite was a fantastic exaggeration need only to fast-forward thirty plus years to the Mixed Martial Art cage fight genre of today, as CNBC reporter Scott Wapner points out during the segment "From Bloodsport to Blue Chip." Wapner explains that the Kumite essentially gave birth to today's publicly recognized MMA.

What does the word kumite mean?Translation of he Japanese word kumite means "free fighting" or roughly "sparring." The westeren sense of the word incorporates a broader meaning that includes "sparring" in boxing and even some forms of karate, like Shotokan.

Kumite is one of the three main areas of traditional Japanese karate training, along with kata and kihon (form and fundamentals). In the movie Bloodsport, Kumite is the name given to the deadly, underground, full-contact fighting tournament to which the main character, Frank Dux (Jean-Claude Van Damme), is clandestinely invited. Other real life names used to refer to the tournament include Vale Tudo, San Soo, No Holds-Barred, etc.

How did Frank Dux get invited to the Kumite competition?

Dux found himself entered in the International Fighting Arts Association (I.F.A.A.) competition because his instructor, a Japanese man named Senzo Tanaka, had participated in past events. After performing well enough in smaller kumite matches held by the I.F.A.A., the organization granted him an invitation to the international event.
-Black Belt Magazine, November 1980

In the movie, is Frank's nemesis, Chong Li (Bolo Yeung), based on a real life individual?
Bolo Yeung Bloodsport Chong Li
Dux said that Bolo Yeung's character was based on a real person.
Yes. According to the real Frank Dux, actor Bolo Yeung's character in the movie, Chong Li, was based on a real person. "I understand he passed away before the film was made," Dux said, "due to brain tumors from fighting (like what almost killed me, in 1993). Other people say it was a car accident. I have no way of knowing for sure."

Did the real Chong Li blind Frank Dux during their fight?

Yes. Dux said that the real Chong Li openly admitted to blinding him during their fight. However, Chong Li assured Dux that the incident was purely accidental, regarding blurring his eyes with liniment. "In the movie, the incident is shown as him intentionally tossing powder, but it was beads of sweat and dit dao mixed in that temporarily burned my eyes, blinding me, which is not a single unique occurrence for fighters. Muhammad Ali for instance shares a similar experience," Frank said.

History vs. Hollywood YouTube Channel

Does the 1980 Black Belt magazine article offer definitive proof of the Kumite and Frank Dux's achievements?

The now legendary Black Belt magazine article "Kumite: A Learning Experience" is prefaced with the following disclaimer. "Although there is no convenient way to verify each and every detail connected with the story, the editors have verified enough of the basic facts to feel confident in publishing it. But since we are not at liberty to share the corroborating evidence with the public, we acknowledge that each reader may have a different idea of what the facts permit him to believe." Regarding Dux, the magazine states, "Although the details of his story are impossible to check out completely, BLACK BELT has spoken with other I.F.A.A. members from the United States and abroad who have privately confirmed that the basic facts are indeed as Dux says they are."

In 2009, Frank Dux sent HistoryvsHollywood.com a copy of a cover letter from John Stewart, the editor of Black Belt magazine and author of its Kumite article. Stewart's letter, dated May 21, 1980, makes general statements about Frank Dux's unique martial arts expertise and knowledge, stating, "BLACK BELT magazine has conducted a lengthy series of interviews with Mr. Dux, and it is the opinion of the editor that:

  1. Dux is highly skilled in a number of martial arts and has mastered some extremely unusual techniques, many of which may never be seen by the general public.
  2. Dux is a fully knowledgeable consultant on the details of such subjects as full-contact fighting, breaking objects, weapons technique, and anit-terrorism.
  3. He has had military experience of a unique nature."

In the letter's closing, John Stewart wrote, "While this magazine ordinarily does not act as an agency for the verification of skills or credentials, in this case we happen to know that the above statements are true."

Bloodsport Movie

What made Frank Dux decide to talk about the existence of the Kumite in Black Belt magazine?In Martial Arts Illustrated, the real Frank Dux answered this question by saying, "The stated purpose in doing the article is the fact I issued an open challenge encouraging others to fight in the Kumite circuit I championed as a heavyweight, in 1980. It is the reasons why I was "green lighted" to act as a spokesperson for the I.F.A.A. then trying to commercialize the event, with a foothold in the United States."

Can Frank Dux prove that he fought in a tournament called the Kumite?
Frank Dux Marine uniform
Frank Dux holding his 1975 Kumite tournament trophy. Dux said the photo was taken in 1976.
Dux is shown on the left holding his 1975 Kumite tournament trophy, as inset in Black Beltmagazine, November 1980. Yet shortly after the movie's release in May of 1988, writer John Johnson published an an editorial in the Los Angeles Times' local San Fernando Valley Metro Section accusing Dux of making everything up. The editorial is written in a format one may easily mistake for an objective article. Johnson states that Dux's Kumite trophy didn't come from a 1975 tournament in the Bahamas, but rather it was merely ordered and picked up by Dux at a trophy shop just a few miles from his Southern California home.

Johnson's claims contradict the facts regarding Dux's achievements that are displayed at the beginning of the Bloodsportmovie credits. "There exists as public record eyewitness testimony and photographic evidence of my winning the Kumite made available through court proceedings," Dux says. This is in addition to the journalistic research undertaken by print and broadcast media outlets and the fact finding done by the legal firms of the movie studio and the publishing house behind Dux's book.

When interviewed by Martial Arts Illustratedas part of their "Asking the Masters" series (December & January 2008), Dux tackled Johnson's allegation that he bought his trophy, and in speaking with HistoryvsHollywood.com, he supplied a copy of the alleged receipt and responded, "One cannot litigate or force a retraction of opinion. To demonstrate how untrustworthy John Johnson is, keep the following in mind. My trophy has been in my possession and on public display, since January 1976. John Johnson alleges, in 1988, he was able to obtain the receipt for my trophy made out to me and commissioned in my name - TWELVE YEARS AFTER MY TROPHY IS IN MY POSSESSION! The trophy shop owner, Mr. Moody, is quoted by John Johnson as saying that it was "partially" manufactured by Moody in his trophy shop, located near my home. After the editorial, I spoke with Mr. Moody, who denied ever supplying Johnson this mysterious receipt and acknowledged he informed Johnson he was misquoted, referring to partially repairing another trophy of mine, damaged after my studio was broken into by students of a business competitor. These perpetrators were arrested and convicted. This is a verifiable fact, a public record. This alleged trophy receipt was shown in a court of law to be an obvious fabrication, thus withdrawn from evidence due to these facts:

  • The alleged trophy receipt is a Xerox document where Frank Dux's signature is cut and recopied from another document onto the receipt, in addition to giving the incorrect address for him. Anyone could create this on their home copier.
  • The trophy inscription name is incorrectly spelled D-U-K-E-S and not D-U-X (contrary to the correct spelling inscribed on Dux's trophy).
  • The alleged trophy receipt is dated 1979, which is three years after the trophy was first viewed in my possession, both on public display and in the photo that was taken of me holding the trophy (above) that appeared in Black Belt magazine, November 1980.
  • No resemblance exists between the John Johnson photocopy of a trophy receipt and Dux's trophy. The Johnson receipt is for a three tiered trophy with two gold cups on and four judo figures. The kumite trophy has a two foot pedestal base with a large engraved silver bowl as its crown, and it is not even remotely close in its size specifications and materials to the description on the alleged receipt."

In the interview with Martial Arts Illustrated, Dux also stated that the article's author, John Johnson, was an acquaintance of his ex-wife and that the article was written at the same time that he was embroiled in a bitter divorce. Alleged Kumite Trophy ReceiptView the alleged trophy receipt produced by John Johnson.

Was Dux's instructor in the movie based on an actual person?Yes. The Bloodsport true story reveals that Frank Dux's instructor in the movie is a composite of two individuals, Jack Seki and Senzo Tanaka. "Jack Seki is an extended Tanaka family member and is related to my other instructor who I met through Seki, Senzo Tanaka," Frank said. When asked about instructor Senzo Tanaka, Frank said that they "did not part the best of friends."

Did Frank Dux really meet his karate instructor after breaking into his house?
Dux photo
As a boy, the real Dux never broke into his instructor's house.
No. The movie shows the Dux character as a teenager breaking into Tanaka's house. Tanaka (Roy Chiao) catches him attempting to steal a sword. The real Frank Dux said, "My meeting my instructor by breaking into his house was the producer's idea, which I objected to, but now in hindsight I must admit he was right to do this, given screen time limitations. It was a clever device to help make people understand the importance of martial arts training and how its discipline played a role in putting and keeping young impressionable minds on the right path."

Did Frank Dux have to evade U.S. Military police to fight in the Kumite?

No. In the movie Bloodsport, Jean-Claude Van Damme's character is a valuable U.S. Military Operative who tries to evade two military police agents so that he can fight in the Kumite. Contrary to internet gossip and unsubstantiated allegations, no evidence exists of the real Frank Dux having directly claimed he worked for the CIA or military as an in-expendable agent, as depicted in the movie. Some of the misconceptions undoubtedly come from the cover of Frank Dux's memoir, The Secret Man: An American Warrior's Uncensored Story. Dux says that the publisher misrepresented him on the cover. He alleges that he only worked as a contract agent for the CIA and was never a card-carrying member.

Recognizing the intelligence-gathering value, as a contract agent, Dux initially entertained only participating in the Kumite in order to formulate a plan to get closer to the Asian criminal element that organized the fights. He says that he never expected to win. Regarding his character being on the run from military agents, "The AWOL bit was the producer's idea," Frank said.

The Secret Man Frank Dux Book

Did spectators really place bets on Kumite fights?Yes. According to Black Belt magazine, gambling did take place at the Kumite. Frank said that documentary video footage taken by eyewitnesses who attended the events also verifies the fact that gambling was an aspect of the Kumite. "We rarely knew each other by our names," Frank said of the fighters, "due to fear at any moment the doors to the room could be kicked in and we would end up jailed, with all the gambling going on." (Martial Arts Illustrated)

Is Dux's friend in the movie, Ray Jackson, based on an actual person?
Dux and Donald Gibb Ray Jackson
Frank Dux and actor Don Gibb on the Bloodsportmovie set in 1986.
Yes. The basis for Dux's friend and fellow fighter in the movie, Ray Jackson (Donald Gibb), can be traced back to two different individuals. "The majority of the Ray Jackson characteristics are chiefly based upon Richard Robinson," said the real Frank Dux. Robinson, a Jujitsu black belt, went from being a biker in Venice, California, to transforming himself today into a prominent stockbroker for Montgomery Scott. Robinson also founded The River of Life Martial Arts and Wellness Center, a million dollar facility that teaches numerous Japanese koryu martial arts in Pennsylvania. In an earlier interview with Martial Arts Magazine, Dux said that the Ray Jackson character is also partially based on Swedish Karate Champion Kurt Peterson.

Is Jean-Claude Van Damme's love interest in the movie Bloodsport based on a real person?

No. In the movie, the main character becomes involved in a romantic and sexual relationship with an American journalist named Janice Kent (Leah Ayres). "As far as the love interest, she did not represent a single particular person," Frank said, "nor would I be intimate with a woman right before a fight."

History vs. Hollywood YouTube

Did Frank Dux sue Jean-Claude Van Damme over a script titled The Kumite?
Frank Dux vs Jean-Claude Van Damme trial
Dux battled Jean-Claude Van Damme in court in 1998.
In October of 1998, the real Frank Dux sued his former friend and the man who portrayed him in the movie Bloodsport (1988) for breach of a 1991 oral contract. Dux, who had been dating Jean-Claude Van Damme's sister-in-law, penned a script for a movie that focused on the Kumite tournament. Known simply as The Kumite, the film was to utilize Jean-Claude Van Damme's rising star power to capture a bigger budget with real world locations. The production company behind the movie, Epic Productions, went bankrupt and the film was never made. As a result, the $50,000 agreement that Frank Dux had signed with Epic Productions to pen the script also fell through. Dux was left out in the cold while Van Damme moved on to film his 1996 hit The Quest. In the trial, Frank Dux claimed that The Questand The Kumitewere essentially the same movie and that Van Damme had verbally promised him 2.5 percent of the The Kumite's box office gross. Prior to suing Van Damme, Dux had brought his case before the Writer's Guild of America, who deemed that he deserved only a "story by" credit for The Quest. Dux felt that he also deserved $50,000 for his work on The Kumitescript and 2.5 percent of The Quest's box office gross, believing that the latter was a derivative of the former. The Dux vs. Van Damme trial was heavily covered by Court TV.

Did Frank Dux win his court case against Jean-Claude Van Damme?

No. Frank Dux lost his case against Van Damme. CourtTV.com states that Van Damme's attorney, Martin Singer, centered his closings on two witnesses who attacked the truthfulness behind Dux's claims.

Jean-Claude Van Damme Frank Dux Paulo Tocha
Dux (center) and Van Damme on the Bloodsport set during happier times, with costar Paulo Tocha.
Dux testified before the court that Van Damme had written an outline and had made an audiotape of their supposed agreement. However, Dux said that both items were lost when an earthquake destroyed his apartment in 1994. Dux's former neighbor, Kim Owens, testified that the earthquake did not cause severe structural damage to the apartment building. She submitted photos to prove that the building's balconies had not crumbled as Dux had claimed. As a result, Frank Dux's credibility was damaged, suggesting that his written proof of the contract may not have existed at all. The testimony of the second witness is detailed in the following question.

An independent observer to the trial, the Hollywood trade magazine Point Of View, offers up another observation and raises an eyebrow at how the trial was run. Point of View's Jennie and Terrie Frankel write, "The judge karate kicked Dux below the belt with a series of unprecedented rulings that precluded the testimony of any rebuttal witnesses, any impeachment witnesses, and all actual eyewitnesses to the deal. Kramer (Dux's attorney) argued these witnesses were critical to his case, but to no avail."

Dux states, "Regarding Kim Owen's testimony, I wasn't able to put before the jury any substantive rebuttal evidence, such as a FEMA engineering report detailing and condemning the structure at the time in question. This directly contradicts Owen's testimony. Notably, the contractor's invoices making the repairs that detail the reconstruction of balconies were precluded. Her photographic evidence wasn't taken by her and it could have been taken before the earthquake."

"I recently received an inquiry via my myspace page by Jean Claude Van Damme," Frank reveals, "asking me to please set aside our past differences in order that I might collaborate with him on doing another Bloodsport. One thing is for certain given our last communication, we recognize we are both fighters who fought for what we believed was the truth for us, and unfortunately the people around us, who could not understand this, began a mudslinging campaign on both sides to our mutual detriment. It was out of our control."

Did Frank Dux set a record for breaking bulletproof glass with his bare hands?Yes. Dux performed the world record feat at the 1993 International Martial Arts Festival at Bercy Stadium in Paris in front of representatives of numerous martial art organizations taking part in the event; an international press corps; bushido magazine staff; and approximately 40,000 spectators who were able to inspect the glass before and after the break. "The pieces of bullet-proof glass were handed out to members of the press, as well," Dux said. The onsite doctor's medical report substantiates glass (not sugar-glass) was embedded in Dux's foot and hand for which TV camera close-ups take notice of.

Watch a video of Dux breaking the bulletproof glass.

In the 1998 Dux vs. Van Damme trial, Richard Alexander, who claimed to be Frank's friend for over twenty years, testified against him saying that Dux's feat of breaking bulletproof glass with a single punch was a hoax. Alexander said that it was really Plexiglas that Dux had found. In his testimony, Richard Alexander also described another stunt that he alleges Dux staged, whereby Dux shattered a glass bottle with his bare hand. Alexander claimed that Dux used candied glass instead of the real thing. Alexander stated under oath that Dux is a liar who "tries to get something for nothing." Court TV Online states that Dux's attorney, Steven Kramer, attempted to discredit Alexander by accusing him of having a grudge against his client, revealing that Alexander had attempted to steal Dux's car.

"Court TV Online fails to report that Alexander was dismissed by the judge before my attorney Steven Kramer could even complete his cross examination," Dux cites. "Kramer exposed that Richard Alexander lied under oath about his real identity, that he is really Richard Shimer, a convicted felon." Dux provided to HistoryvsHollywood.com, a mug shot of Alexander (aka Shimer).

In our communications with Dux, he stated that Alexander did not witness him breaking the bulletproof glass, "Richard Alexander (aka Richard Shimer) who was not a witness, is not my friend for twenty years and documents in my possession prove my relationship with him amounts to he attempted to steal my car, as was exposed in a court of law." It should be noted that Alexander was the only witness contesting the break, yet this testimony is repeated over the internet with no mention of the many reliable witnesses who contradicted Alexander's testimony while under penalty of perjury.

With regard to the bulletproof glass, Dux told Martial Arts Illustrated, "In breaking the bulletproof glass it took me two attempts. Candy or Plexiglas would obviously break on the first strike, considering I generated enough force to have cracked the glass with the bullet wad still in it and visibly bent the ¼ inch steel frame holding it backwards with my first strike, as captured by the European telecast and watched by millions."

Dux also provided HistoryvsHollywood.com a copy of the declaration of Jose Bermudez, who testified in the 1988 Dux vs. Van Damme trial. Bermudez is the fabricator responsible for supplying the bulletproof glass and documenting its authenticity by videotaping the glass being shot by a fully loaded 9mm bullet. The impact area and bullet wad in the glass is seen on the video being circled and signed by the shooter. In trial, Bermudez further produced cancelled checks and paid invoices verifying it was indeed bulletproof glass.

Did the scene really happen where Dux crushes the bottom brick in the stack?
Van Damme vs Frank Dux brick break
The real Frank Dux (right) performed brick breaking stunts similar to those seen in the movie (left).
In the movie Bloodsport, the Dux character, portrayed by Jean-Claude Van Damme, is seen crushing the bottom brick in a stack of five bricks. To achieve this feat, the movie says that he must be capable of executing the dim mak, or death touch. A different, visually less extreme version of this feat was performed by the real Frank Dux on numerous TV shows and at various exhibitions. However, instead of crushing the bottom brick in a stack of five, causing it to visibly explode, the photo on the right shows Frank breaking in half the bottom concrete slab in a stack of two concrete slabs alternated with two fragile and easily broken ceramic tiles that are left intact. The stunt offers proof that one can hit the outside of the body leaving no noticeable harm, while damaging an essential internal organ like the heart. Like in the movie, the strike is commonly referred to as the "death touch." -Martial Arts Illustrated

Did Frank train actor Jean-Claude Van Damme for his role in the movie Bloodsport?Frank said, "…I trained him three times a week for several months in preparation for Bloodsport, as acknowledged in the film's credit role." According to Frank, Van Damme attempted to conceal this in 1998 when he was on the stand during their litigation over The Quest. -Martial Arts Illustrated

Did the real Frank Dux nearly lose his life to a brain tumor?

Yes. In 1993 Frank Dux was very ill with two brain tumors (The Artesia Daily Press, July 18, 2008). He spoke of this experience in an interview with Martial Arts Magazine, "In 1993, when I began writing this memoir, neither monetary gain nor fame seemed relevant at the time, as I was extremely ill, due to a brain tumor. ...Ultimately, I would become comatose due to surgical complications resulting in a spinal fluid leak that led to spinal meningitis. When I recovered, I realized I wasn't living up to that responsibility which outweighs personal gain. What needed to be said could have died with me, so I tossed my completed first book and wrote this book [The Secret Man] instead, fully aware that if I lived I would be subjecting myself to criticism by envious and would be compromising my personal safety."

Was Frank Dux really an inexpendable soldier in the U.S. Military?
Frank Dux Marine uniform
Frank Dux on graduation day in 1975, at the Marine Corps Recruit Depot in San Diego, California.
This is another aspect of Dux's life that has sparked a great deal of controversy. In 1980, Black Beltmagazine stated that Dux "compiled a distinguished military record during the Vietnam conflict." The magazine's inability to elaborate on this statement and others, due to the fact that they were not at liberty to share corroborating evidence with the public, has in part led to a misrepresentation of the facts regarding Dux's military past. According to Dux, journalists, authors, and bloggers have continued to misconstrue the truth.

For example, researcher B.G. Burkett states that he used the Freedom of Information Act to obtain a copy of Dux's Marine Corps records, and thereby discovered that Dux served in the Marine Corps Reserves in the U.S. from 1975 to 1981, never seeing any overseas action. If these records are correct, it means that Dux was not even in the U.S. military during the United States efforts in Vietnam, since the U.S. left Vietnam in 1972 and the North took it over in 1975.

"Burkett's rational is somewhat misleading," says Dux, "in light of the observable fact the U.S. military and intelligence services only suspended their conventional military operations in 1973, all while clandestine, covert special operations continued, including their fronts (i.e. Air America employing private contractors photographed evacuating the US Embassy in 1975). Such activities still remain ongoing in Southeast Asia, to this day." For more details, see B.G. Burkett's 1998 book Stolen Valor: How the Vietnam Generation Was Robbed of Its Heroes and Its Historyand be sure to check out Frank Dux's website where you can review The Legal Analysis and Breakdown of Stolen Valorwith regards to Dux's court case of libel and slander (Dux vs. Soldier of Fortune magazine). "The Legal Analysis and Breakdown reveals over 600 unsubstantiated allegations made by Burkett, whose book is self-published, not subjected to unbiased independent external scrutiny, unlike my book The Secret Man," says Dux.

It appears that the main problem with Burkett's research is that it ignores the fact that Dux never claimed to be a veteran of the Vietnam War in the first place. "I never represented myself in my book or otherwise as a Vietnam War veteran, was in the CIA, or murdered anyone," Dux said. However, it's easy to see why so many people have been led astray with regard to various facts about Dux. For instance, the Publisher's Weeklyreview of Dux's 1996 book The Secret Man, which is no longer in print, states, "It's hard to tell whether the author is merely posturing or expressing his fantasy life in a memoir that reads as if patterned on the early paperback Avenger series. … He was a contract operative for William Casey, who supposedly recruited him in a urinal after introducing himself as 'head of the f*cking CIA.' The missions Dux recounts include killing a mass murderer and aiding the U.S.S.R. in investigating what proved to be a scam anthrax scare." Dux called the Publisher's Weeklyreview, "over the top and deceptive." (Martial Arts Illustrated)

Was Frank Dux really a CIA Operative as his book claims?
The Secret Man Frank Dux book
Used copies of Dux's controversial memoir can still be found.
Dux's book The Secret Man tells of his often graphically violent James Bond-like experiences as a CIA operative, who masked his covert operations under his international reputation as a martial artist. The cover of the book refers to Dux as "the CIA's finest covert operative." "To say I worked for the CIA is misleading," Dux said in a 2008 interview with Martial Arts Illustrated. "The publisher's marketing director and publicist of The Secret Man made the interpretation I worked for the CIA as it appears on the book jacket, not me," insists Dux. "But the book jacket also points out I was given the moniker 'The Secret Man' because I worked in anonymity, specifically, unknown to and outside the military or the CIA's auspices to avoid compromise by intelligence oversight procedures or violation of the Boland and Logan amendments." Dux emphasizes that he never worked as a card carrying agent for the CIA, stating, "it is historical fact guys like me ended up working for their front companies."

Dux describes himself as being a third generation descendant of covert operatives. "From 1981 to 1987, I served as a covert operative for CIA director Bill Casey," Dux told Martial Arts Magazine. His alleged contact in the CIA, director William Casey, passed away from a brain tumor in 1987, almost ten years before Dux's book was published. William Casey was not around to either confirm or denounce Dux's statements, or the existence of their relationship. However, other individuals have stepped forward to help lend credence to Dux's role as an operative.

Congressional expert witness, Iran-Contra insider, US Navy Lt. Cmdr. Alexander Martin stated in court proceedings under penalty of perjury, "During my intelligence career, I have met with and been introduced to many covert operatives, whose existence has often been officially denied by the government agencies that these parties have been associated with. One of these covert operatives was one Frank Dux." Lt. Cmdr. Martin's declaration was entered into evidence as Exhibit #25 in Dux's suit of libel and slander against Soldier of Fortune magazine.

Frank has additional military related experience as noted by Kathy Kolt in her 2008 Artesia Daily article, "In 1996, he (Frank Dux) was with HIDTA, High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area at the Criminal Justice Center. He designed strategies and tactics and evaluated their existing training program. In 1997, he received awards from the Multi Jurisdictional Counter Drug Task Force for drug task investigations. He also was sponsored by the Department of Defense to teach NEOA, Narcotics Enforcement Officers Association, covert activities. He is an adjunct faculty member of the Saint Petersburg, Florida Criminal Justice Institute. He was knighted in the Order of Saint Michael, Knight Chevalier, by the Police Hall of Fame, Miami, Florida. He was a source contributor to the US Navy Seal SpecWar Manual."

Why did Frank Dux decide to pull his book The Secret Man from store shelves?

In an interview with Martial Arts Illustrated, Frank explained, "I felt compelled to take into account the sensitive nature of my book, The Secret Man, HarperCollins, 1996 given its revelations. My strong sense of duty prompted me to pull it from my publisher and to continue to withhold its circulation to this day, in light of uncharacteristic behavior of government agencies and shadowy requests, on their behalf." Frank said that by writing his book he "dared to do the unthinkable and reveal ongoing corruption and war crimes being committed by persons working under the color of authority…"

Did Frank Dux sue Soldier of Fortune Magazine for attempting to smear his military past?Yes. The real Frank Dux sued Soldier of Fortune Magazine for defamation of character after they praised B.G. Burkett's book (see above) and published a photo of Lance Corporal Dux wearing Navy jump wings and four rows of ribbons headed by a Navy Cross, calling him a wannabe. Dux says that he and Soldier of Fortune publisher Robert K. Brown were intending to launch similar movie projects, and that Brown wanted to discredit his competition so that his own project would succeed (jameshom.com). In his court declaration, Dux explained the photo of himself in the Marine costume by stating, "…it was snapped on my way to a fraternity costume party, when I was still in college or shortly, thereafter." This fact is corroborated in Dux's complaint by the declaration of Jeff Stromph, one of several eyewitnesses who attended the party (Dux Declaration, Dux vs. Soldier of Fortune Magazine).

Where can I read more about the Frank Dux controversy?

Frank Dux does not shy away from responding to his critics, including those individuals who he feels have slandered him or misrepresented his past, as evidenced in Frank Dux v. Robert Brown, Alexander McColl, Larry Baily and Soldier Of Fortune Magazine, Case No: BC198883, Superior Court Of California, Los Angeles County. "I have done everything in my power within reason to correct any misconceptions being made about me," Frank stated in his declaration, "not only being spun by my fans but through journalists who have, innocently, made reports of my being a decorated Vietnam veteran, based upon the erroneous facts attributed to me in articles they use for their research." (FrankDux.net) To learn more about the controversy regarding Frank Dux's past, including events chronicled in his book The Secret Man, visit the controversy section of his official Dux Ryu website.

Have any other fighters claimed to have fought in the Kumite?
Kumite fighter Paulo Tocha and actor Bolo Yeung
Actor Bolo Yeung poses on the set with Muay Thai Champion and fellow Bloodsportstar Paulo Tocha (right), "Paco" in the movie.
In addition to Frank becoming the first American to win the Kumite, a handful of other fighters have come forward with regard to participating in the event. Perhaps the most notable is Irving Soto, who's resume includes being an 8-time middleweight World Kumite Champion, holding the title from 1973-1980.

In an interview with Martial Arts Illustrated, Frank said that on the Bloodsportmovie set, some of the crew and producers had the opportunity to hear eyewitness accounts of various unsanctioned Kumite fighting events, told by various fighters and champions who were present on the set. This included Muay Thai Champion Paulo Tocha, who portrays the character Paco in the movie. Frank said that Swedish Karate Champion Kurt Peterson was also present to share his Kumite stories (Martial Arts Illustrated).

Did Frank Dux create his own martial arts fighting style?

Yes. Frank created Dux Ryu Ninjitsu, a practical fighting style that builds on one's own strengths and weaknesses. He has also developed a system that he calls FASST/Dux Ryu, which strives to teach the individual an effective approach to conflict resolution. -FrankDux.net

Where can I find the songs from the movie and who sings them?
Bloodsport Movie Soundtrack
The songs from the movie can be found on the Bloodsport soundtrack.
Most of the Bloodsportsongs from the movie can be found on the Bloodsport Soundtrack. The song in which the singers chant "Kumite" is called "Fight to Survive" by Stan Bush. The slower soft-rock song is called "On My Own - Alone," also sung by Stan Bush.

Did the real Frank Dux come up with the movie's title, 'Bloodsport'?"My original contract with producer Mark Disalle, the fact I retain full literary rights to my story and the film title Bloodsport in literature, memorializes I was the first to use and invent the term Bloodsport regarding martial art competition, in the mid 1970's," says Dux.

In a radio interview from On The Edge hosted by Kelly S. Worden, Frank talked about how he came up with the movie's title years earlier when he was nineteen and fighting in a junkyard in Tijuana, "I'm a young kid and I'm getting really kinda nervous and I... the one way I fight... for me I fight my feelings of nervousness is I use a lot of humor sometimes...and so I immediately started doing this Howard Cosell imitation and said 'Here we are'..ya know...'at the Red Cross'..you know..'blood drive' ya know. 'Bloodsport... where everyone's guaranteed to give an ounce.' ..you know [laughs]...and that's where that whole term came from. And then we're sitting around with Mark DiSalle he says...he was trying to think of a name and a title for the movie and I said, 'well why don't you just call it Bloodsport.'" Listen to the entire radio interview below.

Have any sequels ever been made to the movie Bloodsport?
Bloodsport 2 movie
Daniel Bernhardt replaced Van Damme in the sequels.
Yes. In 1996, Bloodsport II: The Next Kumitewas released direct-to-video. The movie featured Daniel Bernhardt, Pat Morita, and Donald Gibb, who reprised his role as Ray 'Tiny' Jackson from the first Bloodsportmovie. Jackson was the only returning character. In the following years, Bloodsport 3and Bloodsport 4were released in 1997 and the latter in 1999. Both films featured Swiss actor and martial artist Daniel Bernhardt in the lead role.

Has Frank Dux appeared in any major motion pictures?

Yes, but as a stunt coordinator and stunt player. For example, Frank Dux appears in the 1993 film Only The Strong as the welder fighting Mark Dacascos, who climactically had a car dropped on him. He appeared in Force Five opposite Richard Norton. Frank Dux states that he was trained by Stuntman Hall of Fame legends Boyd 'Red' Morgan and Hubie Kerns, who taught motion picture fighting to Bruce Lee and became head of training for the Canadian Stuntman's Association in the 1980's.

Apparently, the Internet Movie Database (IMDB) has it all wrong, as the same Frank Dux behind Bloodsport is not the same Frank Dux who appeared as the "Old Man in Car" in the 1986 cult classic Highlander, nor is he the same Frank Dux who is listed as being "Patient #2" in the 1986 movie Little Shop of Horrors, among other credits.

Frank Dux Radio Interview:

Radio host and martial artist Kelly S. Worden interviewed the real Frank Dux on May 1, 2004 on his show "On the Edge". Over the course of the near hour-long interview that you'll hear below, Dux attempts to answer some of the controversial questions that surround his life. It's worth listening to even though Worden never really presses Dux for the truth, nor does he dig deep enough into the controversy.

Frank Dux interview Listen to the Frank Dux Interview - YouTube, 56:30

Frank Dux Video and Interviews

Meet the real life Frank Dux portrayed by Jean-Claude Van Damme in the movie Bloodsport. The Frank Dux videos below show the martial artist punching through bulletproof glass, moving with an opponent while blindfolded, and teaching a teenager who had been confined to a wheelchair.

Frank Dux Blindfold Demonstration 2008


 Frank Dux Blindfold Demonstration 2008

Dux wears a blindfold and uses his senses to follow and anticipate a student's movements. The martial artist came into the public eye in the late 1980s with the release of the movie Bloodsport, based on events in his life.

Frank Dux on That's Incredible


 Frank Dux on That's Incredible

Martial artist Frank Dux appears on the TV show That's Incredible in the early 1980s. The episode shows Dux teaching Les, a determined sixteen year old young man, who was turned away by other martial arts instructors.

Frank Dux Bulletproof Glass Video


 Frank Dux Bulletproof Glass Video

Watch martial artist Frank Dux, subject of the movie Bloodsport, break a pane of bulletproof glass with his fist. He also crushes a Jack Daniel's bottle with his hand and kicks through two wine bottles. Video is from his performance at the 1993 International Martial Arts Festival at Bercy Stadium in Paris.

Frank Dux Interview


 Frank Dux Interview

King 5 News interviews Frank Dux, the real life individual behind Jean-Claude Van Damme's character in Bloodsport. Frank addresses the controversy surrounding his accomplishments, including an explanation of the physics behind smashing a Jack Daniel's bottle.

Frank Dux Interview by Justin Harvey - Part 1


 Frank Dux Interview by Justin Harvey - Part 1

Longtime fan Justin Harvey interviews Frank Dux about the movie, his book The Secret Man, the controversy surrounding his life, and also what he's doing today. They discuss how the movie Bloodsport came to be, including the film's title.

Frank Dux Interview by Justin Harvey - Part 2


 Frank Dux Interview by Justin Harvey - Part 2

Watch Part 2 of fan Justin Harvey's interview with martial artist Frank Dux. In this segment, the controversy surrounding the Kumite trophy is addressed. Justin also asks Frank about his current projects, which include a film and a book.

Frank Dux Interview by Justin Harvey - Part 3


 Frank Dux Interview by Justin Harvey - Part 3

See the closing segment of Justin Harvey's interview. Justin tells Frank that he has nothing left to prove, and Frank responds by offering his final thoughts on those individuals on the internet and elsewhere who have attempted to discredit his achievements.

Bloodsport Trailer


 Bloodsport Trailer

Watch the Bloodsport movie trailer for the martial arts film starring Jean-Claude Van Damme. The plot follows a highly trained military operative, who goes on the run in order to compete in a no-holds-barred martial arts tournament known as the Kumite.

Link-to-Learn More:

Sours: https://www.historyvshollywood.com/reelfaces/bloodsport.php
【KARATE TUROTIAL】Kumite Tactics Against Bigger Opponents


Kumite (組手) literally translated means “grappling hands” and is one of the Five main sections of  Seishin Freestyle karate training, along with kata, Basic movements, kickboxing/Muay Thai and jiu Jitsu Techniques. Kumite is the part of karate in which a person trains against an adversary, using the techniques learned from the Basics and kata.

Kumite can be used to develop a particular technique or a skill (e.g. effectively judging and adjusting one’s distance from one’s opponent) or it can be done in competition.

Equipment:All competitors MUST wear a traditional white uniform. Turn ups on Sleeves and trousers are not permitted.
WKF type Kumite Mitts and Boots MUST be worn. Groin Guards MUST also be
worn by male competitors.
Head Guard
s are compulsory to ensure the safety of all competitors
1 x Red Belt & 1 x Blue Belt.

Supplied by event organiser.
It is Highly Recommended that competitors wear a suitable body guard.
Please see pictures below for examples of equipment type


Scoring:The match will be judged by the use of a Senior Referee and a Shadow Referee and one Arbitrator.
The referees will award points for clean traditional techniques that are delivered with accuracy and under control.
1 point will be awarded for a clean strike to the body or face area
2 points will be awarded for a clean combination technique using two or more techniques simultaneously including clean controlled take-downs. Clean attacks to the back area.
3 points will be awarded for clean controlled kicks to the head
The competitor with 8 clear points or the highest score at the end of the match will be the winner.
Matches will be 1.5 mins for eliminations and 2 mins for finals
Winners of each round MUST give their name to the score keeper to ensure correct fighter is placed through to next round.
Sweeping Techniques:(Ashi Barrai) Sweeping is permitted only foot to foot (Boot to Boot). All sweeps must be immediately followed by a
legitimate striking technique to be awarded as a combination.
Throwing:All throws must be carried out in a safe manner and under control.
All sweeps must be immediately followed by a legitimate striking technique to be awarded as a combination.
Penalties: Excessive contact leaving mark or minor injury (winding)

Members of Seishin freestyle Karte Ireland "Kumite" Ireland 2008

Members of Seishin Freestyle Karate Ireland “Kumite” Ireland 2008

Leaving the area

Unsportsmanlike conduct

3 x warnings equal 1 point deduction
Failure to attend area after name called 3 times

Intentional Drawing Blood
or Causing Injury

Interference from Coaches or Spectators

1 x Warning then

Banned techniques:
The following techniques are banned and will lead to warnings and disqualification
Attacks to the back of the head, legs or arms
Spinning Back Fist
Spinning Kicks of any type
Elbow and Knee Strikes
Upper Cuts and Swinging Type Punches
Axe Kicks
Head Butts
Scratching or Gouging

Sours: http://irishkickers.com/seishin-freestyle-karate/kumite/

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