Fashion drawing

Fashion Sketching: a Step-by-step Guide to Drawing the Basic Fashion Croquis with 9 Heads Proportions

Drawing the fashion figure doesn’t have to be challenging. In this tutorial, you will learn a simple method to create a professional croquis, one step at a time!

I’ve broken up this tutorial into sections:
1) Creating guidelines
2) Drawing the croquis skeleton
3) Adding shape

If you’re looking for more advanced information, scroll to the end of this article.

CROQUIS WORKBOOK-01.png

Before we get into it, let’s answer some questions…

What is a fashion Croquis?

A Croquis is a drawing of a fashion model that you trace over to design clothing. You can also call it a fashion figure or template.

Fashion croquis can be all different shapes, sizes, and styles. It all depends on the end use of your design and the demographic you are designing for. I’ve used different croquis throughout my career. Some were more stylized while others were super simple. 

(P.S. If you want to take the pressure off of creating your own croquis and start designing right away, check out this 9-heads female figure Croquis Kit I made.)

The above image illustrates the difference between a realistic body (left) and a fashion croquis with 9 heads proportion (right)

What are the Proportions of a Fashion Croquis? 

I will demonstrate how to draw a ”9 heads” croquis. The croquis is 9 heads tall from the top of the head to the ankles, which is much more elongated than the average woman. (The feet are excluded from the equation since they can vary in height depending on the type of shoes and heel height.)

A 9 heads model exaggerates the proportions of a fashion model to display clothes in an elongated and dramatic scale.

However, fashion models can, and should, have diverse body proportions, so I encourage you to evolve your croquis to be any shape and size.

This tutorial will teach you how to create the 9-heads croquis (with the proportions taught in fashion colleges) but you can adjust the proportions later to best fit your target demographic.

9-heads-croquis-fashion-figure

What Does “9 heads” Tall Mean?

The height and width of the head is used as an index for the dimensions of the rest of the body. 

In this image, you can see how the body is broken up into 9 equal sections from the top of the head to the ankle bone. The feet are excluded because they can vary in height depending on the type of shoes and heel height.

It’s helpful to use the head as a point of measure instead of an actual measurement because your paper size can vary. From a tiny piece of paper to a billboard, you can map out the size and proportions of your figure by drawing 9 heads first.

If you are working with an 8.5 x 11 piece of paper, you can have each head be roughly 1” tall but this measurement will change depending on your paper size.

Let’s Begin the Tutorial!

Before we begin, you will need paper, a pencil, and a ruler (or any straight edge.) Tracing paper would be helpful but isn’t necessary. Draw lightly with pencil so you can erase easily.

Step 1: Draw 9 heads that are roughly the same shape and size and label 1-9 (leave some space at the bottom of the page for the feer.)

9-heads-guidelines

Step 2: Draw horizontal lines between each head (make sure they are straight)

guidelines-9-heads-lines

Step 3: Add a dashed line at roughly 1 1/2” and 4 1/4” heads

guidelines-9-heads-fashion

Step 4: Label anatomy as marked on this page 

9-heads-fashion-croquis-template-anatomy

Step 1: Draw a vertical line, perpendicular to the horizontal guidelines. This will be the center line

Step 2: Draw an oval for the head 

Step 3: Draw a horizontal line for the shoulders (roughly 2” heads wide)

Step 4: Repeat step 3 for the hips (the hips and shoulders are the same width)

Step 5: Draw a horizontal line for the waist (roughly 1 head width)

Croquis-fashion-figure-skeleton

Step 6: Connect the shoulder, waist and hips

Step 7: Draw a guideline for the arms as pictured

Step 8: Draw a vertical line from the waist down

fashion-croquis-template-2

Step 9: Draw a cylinder for the neck

Step 10: Connect the neck to the shoulder

Step 11: Draw small ovals for the knees

Step 12: Draw small ovals for the ankles

croquis-template-fashion-figure-skeleton

After the skeleton of the croquis is established, we can add muscular structure and shape. Take your time and draw lightly so you can erase easily.

Step 1: Draw ovals for the shoulder, bicep, and lower arm
Step 2: Draw ovals for the upper and lower leg
Step 3: Draw triangles for the feet

croquis-template-fashion-figure-ovals

Step 4: Add shape to the neck and outline the arm, using the ovals as guidelines. Repeat on other side

croquis-template-fashion-figure-arm

Step 5: Outline the leg and foot as illustrated, using the ovals as guidelines. Repeat on other side

croquis-template-fashion-figure-leg

Step 6: Add neck, bust, and underwear line as illustrated.
Step 7: Add center line at each side of body as as illustrated. This is called the “princess line.”

* These seam lines are helpful guidelines when drawing clothes*

croquis-template-seam-lines

Step 8: Edit the croquis as desired, adjusting proportions as necessary. Then follow the below steps to complete the croquis.

Both sides of the croquis should be mirror images of each other for accuracy when drawing clothes. 

edit-fashion-croquis-template
anatomy-of-a-pose-teaser.jpg

FREE GUIDE:

a PDF E-bookwith 5 simple rules to draw any fashion illustration pose. This is a quick read!

Drawing, Fashion, PresentAmiko Simonettidrawing, fashion figure, 9 heads, sketch template, sketching, illustration, tutorial16 Comments
Sours: https://www.amikosimonetti.com/life/drawing-the-fashion-figure-with-9-heads-proportion-part-1

Folder: Fashion Illustration, Drawings, & Sketches

Definition: the term Fashion Illustration refers to sketches of fashion garments and accessories. Technically, the term Illustration refers to “a picture illustrating books and newspaper”. In Fashion, before photography took over, fashion drawings were used in store catalogs to illustrate available apparel designs, and came to be commonly referred to as “fashion illustrations”. Although today fashion terms “fashion illustration“, “fashion sketches“,and “fashion drawing” are often used interchangeably there is a difference. “Fashion Illustration” refers to the purpose of a picture or image, whereas “Fashion Drawing” describes the attributes of a type of illustration. Fashion Illustrations can actually include any image related to fashion- such as fashion drawings, fashion sketches, photographs, paintings, and so on.

Free Hand Fashion Sketches, Rendered Fashion Drawings & CADs

On this page you’ll find collections of various royalty free fashion illustration for designers to use as fashion illustration references & inspiration. For easier navigation, we’ve split Fashion illustration into categories: Fashion Drawings Fashion Sketches and Fashion CADs. Some of the fashion sketches are in a rough stage just to show the initial stage of the fashion croquis or fashion figure sketches development. Some fashion drawings are fully rendered for  the fashion design portfolio. Some fashion illustrations feature digital rendering and digital fashion sketching. Fashion CADs- rendered digital, flat fashion sketches, also known as flats are most used in the garment industry for fashion design presentation. For the updates follow us on Pinterest, Facebook, or Twitter and visit Sketches & Templates page for the latest downloads. 

Note: We are the ORIGINAL creators & source of ALL of our fashion sketches & illustrations! 

Click to check out our Adobe Illustrator Seamless Vector Fabric Patterns, Realistically looking Lace Swatches, Ribbons & Embellishment for digital fashion sketching. 


Sours: https://www.designersnexus.com/fashion-design-portfolio/fashion-illustration/
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55 Inspiring Fashion Sketches & Illustrations

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I simply love fashion and many things surrounding it, specially fashion sketches and illustrations! I really like browsing around looking for nice and inspiring fashion sketches. I think that fashion illustrations are extremely beautiful, elegant, delicate... they transmit a good vibe. I'm not sure why they enchant me this much, but I just can't get tired of fashion sketches. And this is exactly why I decided to put this selection together.

All of the images I will show here I found at deviantART, so click at the images to go to the author's page. They have lots of great stuff to show. And in case you also like this kind of subject, let me know and I will write more about it! Enjoy. =)

55 Inspiring Fashion Sketches & Illustrations

55 Inspiring Fashion Sketches & Illustrations

55 Inspiring Fashion Sketches & Illustrations

55 Inspiring Fashion Sketches & Illustrations

55 Inspiring Fashion Sketches & Illustrations

55 Inspiring Fashion Sketches & Illustrations

55 Inspiring Fashion Sketches & Illustrations

55 Inspiring Fashion Sketches & Illustrations

55 Inspiring Fashion Sketches & Illustrations

55 Inspiring Fashion Sketches & Illustrations

55 Inspiring Fashion Sketches & Illustrations

55 Inspiring Fashion Sketches & Illustrations

55 Inspiring Fashion Sketches & Illustrations

55 Inspiring Fashion Sketches & Illustrations

55 Inspiring Fashion Sketches & Illustrations

55 Inspiring Fashion Sketches & Illustrations

55 Inspiring Fashion Sketches & Illustrations

55 Inspiring Fashion Sketches & Illustrations

55 Inspiring Fashion Sketches & Illustrations

55 Inspiring Fashion Sketches & Illustrations

55 Inspiring Fashion Sketches & Illustrations

55 Inspiring Fashion Sketches & Illustrations

55 Inspiring Fashion Sketches & Illustrations

55 Inspiring Fashion Sketches & Illustrations

55 Inspiring Fashion Sketches & Illustrations

55 Inspiring Fashion Sketches & Illustrations

55 Inspiring Fashion Sketches & Illustrations

55 Inspiring Fashion Sketches & Illustrations

55 Inspiring Fashion Sketches & Illustrations

55 Inspiring Fashion Sketches & Illustrations

55 Inspiring Fashion Sketches & Illustrations

55 Inspiring Fashion Sketches & Illustrations

55 Inspiring Fashion Sketches & Illustrations

55 Inspiring Fashion Sketches & Illustrations

55 Inspiring Fashion Sketches & Illustrations

55 Inspiring Fashion Sketches & Illustrations

55 Inspiring Fashion Sketches & Illustrations

55 Inspiring Fashion Sketches & Illustrations

55 Inspiring Fashion Sketches & Illustrations

55 Inspiring Fashion Sketches & Illustrations

55 Inspiring Fashion Sketches & Illustrations

55 Inspiring Fashion Sketches & Illustrations

55 Inspiring Fashion Sketches & Illustrations

55 Inspiring Fashion Sketches & Illustrations

55 Inspiring Fashion Sketches & Illustrations

55 Inspiring Fashion Sketches & Illustrations

55 Inspiring Fashion Sketches & Illustrations

55 Inspiring Fashion Sketches & Illustrations

55 Inspiring Fashion Sketches & Illustrations

55 Inspiring Fashion Sketches & Illustrations

55 Inspiring Fashion Sketches & Illustrations

55 Inspiring Fashion Sketches & Illustrations

55 Inspiring Fashion Sketches & Illustrations

55 Inspiring Fashion Sketches & Illustrations

55 Inspiring Fashion Sketches & Illustrations

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How to Draw Fashion Sketches: A Step-by-Step Guide for Beginners

How to draw fashion illustrations

To successfully communicate your design through a fashion illustration, you first need to learn how to speak the language. This involves learning how to create a 9-head figure, draw your garment design on the figure, and rendering that design to portray a certain textile, texture, and print.

What you’ll need

To start your fashion illustration journey, it's important to invest in a sketchbook. A sketchbook is essential to a designer as it gives an insight into the designer’s collection of inspiration, thought processes, and displays idea generation and development. It has also been proven [Joicey and Nothdruft, 2013; Barnard, 2014] to boost creativity and help designers grow ideas and develop new ones which is especially important if you're looking to start your own clothing line.

  • Sketchbook
  • Pencil
  • Sharpener
  • Eraser
  • Pens
  • Coloured pencils
  • Markers

Step 1: Draw the outline

First, you need to lightly draw the outline of your fashion figure. You can do this by either drawing a figure from scratch or using a fashion figure template.

→DOWNLOAD: Free fashion drawing template

To draw your own fashion figure, follow the steps below.

Part 1: Create guidelines

1. Draw nine heads that are roughly the same shape and size. Label them one-nine. Leave some space at the bottom of your page for the feet.

2. Draw horizontal lines between each head.

3. Draw a broken line at head 1,5 and 4,25.

4. Label the anatomy.

Part 2: Create the skeleton

1. Draw your balance line. This is a vertical line perpendicular to the horizontal guidelines.

2. Draw an oval for the head. Draw a horizontal line for the shoulders, roughly two heads wide.

3. Draw a horizontal line for the hips, roughly one and a half to two heads wide.

4. Draw a horizontal line for the waist, roughly one head wide.

5. Connect the shoulders, waist, and hips.

6. Draw a guideline for the arms.

7. Draw vertical lines from the waist down to the ankle guideline.

8. Draw a cylinder for the neck.

9. Connect the neck to the shoulders.

10. Draw small ovals for the knees. Draw small ovals for the ankles. These ovals must be a little bit smaller than the ovals for the knees.

Part three: Create the shape

1. To create the arms, draw ovals for the shoulders, bicep, and lower arm. 

2. Draw ovals for the upper and lower leg. Draw triangles for the feet.

3. Add shape to the neck and outline the arms, using the ovals as guidelines.

4. Add shape to the legs by using the ovals as guidelines.

5. Add neckline, bustline, and underwear line. Add princess style line.

6. Refine the figure. Always remember, what you do on one side, you must repeat on the other side. If you've only drawn one side, copy it to the other side by folding it on the balance line and tracing over it.

Step 2: Dress the figure

Now you can start with the fun part which is dressing your figure in your designs. Start by creating an outline of your desired silhouette on the body. Top tip: If you find yourself stuck in a creative rut, it is always a good idea to keep an eye on the latest fashion trends as a source of inspiration for silhouette, textile, and colour.

Step 3: Add design details

Similar to the flat sketch, adding design details to your fashion figure will transform your design from being a simple shape into a piece of art. Because humans have soft bodies, it is important to indicate how the garment drapes over and around the body. Compression folds like wrinkles and volume create a sense of movement in illustration.

Clothing drawn on the figure can either be detailed, or it can be simplistic, forcing the viewer to use his/her imagination to fill in the missing details. Whether detailed or minimalistic, focus on creating illustrations that express your unique style with each element. When you are happy with how your garment design looks on your figure, you can outline your final figure with a fine liner, erasing all the unnecessary process lines.

Step 4: Rendering

Once your drawing accurately depicts the silhouette and design details of your garment, rendering is the way by which you can convey information about the fabric, print, and colour choices that make your design unique. Adding shade during this stage is important to imitate a three-dimensional person wearing your design; this creates even more movement.

how to draw fashion sketches

To render, designers either specialise in one kind of medium like paint, or a combination of mediums which include coloured pencils, markers and more. Taking the time to experiment with different mediums to accurately match colour, capture texture and prints, and display important design details will produce an illustration that is effective and visually compelling.

Step 5: Determine your signature style

As a beginner, it is important to study other illustrator's work, but eventually, you will develop your own signature style. To do this, you need to be willing to spend some time experimenting with different drawing techniques and rendering mediums.

There are a variety of things that determine your style; do you like using paint, coloured pencils, or do you stick to black and white? How do you illustrate the face of the figure? What kind of clothes are you designing? All these little details work together to create a look that is distinctively yours.

What is a fashion croquis?

A croquis is a sketch of a human body that serves as a template for a designer to draw on, usually disproportionate to the human body. Often referred to as the 9-head figure, the exaggerated length allows the designer to display more design details in the illustration. When sourcing croquis templates, choose the pose best suited for your intended design and vision. The Shaw Academy fashion figure template which you can download for free above is an excellent blueprint to store in your library, giving you the opportunity to create strong and visually appealing fashion illustrations.

You can also create your own fashion croquis template by using your body as a reference. To do this, you first need to take a full-length photo of yourself wearing tight clothing for you to be able to identify your body shape. Print and trace your shape onto a blank piece of paper, transferring all the important anatomy lines like your bust, waist, and hips. This exercise will help determine your body shape and allow you to experiment with different styles to find which one complements your body the most.

Want to learn more?

Vincent van Gogh once said, “I sometimes think there is nothing so delightful as drawing.” When it comes to creating fashion figures, there really are no rules. Drawing, especially fashion illustration, is about expression, passion, and creating a delightful story and experience for the viewer.

Join Shaw Academy's online fashion design course today and start developing your own fashion drawing skills so that you can turn your ideas into designs.

Join Shaw Academy's online fashion design course.

Sign up today and get a free 4-week trial!

Start now for free

Sours: https://www.shawacademy.com/blog/fashion-drawing-guide-with-template/

Drawing fashion

How to Draw Fashion Sketches

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