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The History and Meaning Behind the Assyrian Flag

As a tribute to the traditional twelve-day celebration of the Assyrian New Year, we’re sharing unique ways to honor Akitu no matter where you are in the world as we count down the days to Kha b’Nissan 6767.

An easy way to mark the Assyrian New Year: Display the flag. Whether it’s outside your house or on your car: Fly it proudly. Here’s some information on the background and meaning of the Assyrian flag.

Some background

The Assyrian flag was designed by George Bit Atanus in 1968, but it wasn’t until 1971 that it was officially adopted by all Assyrian organizations. The flag’s design bears a white background with a golden (not yellow!) circle at the center, surrounded by a four-pointed star in a light blue—commonly referred to as the Assyrian Star. Four triple-colored, widening, wavy stripes connect the star to the four corners of the flag in red, white, and blue. Above the star sits the ancient Assyrian god Ashur.

What does it mean? 

  • Golden circle: Represents the sun, which by its exploding and leaping flames, generates heat and light to sustain the earth and all living things.
  • Assyrian star: Symbolizes the land—its light blue color denotes tranquility.
  • Stripes: Representation of the three major rivers of Assyria: Tigris, Euphrates, and the Great Zab—in red, blue, and white, respectively. The blood red also stands four courage, glory, and pride. The white symbolizes peace. It is also said that the stripes symbolize the path back to the homeland. 
  • Ashur symbol: A tribute to the ancient Assyrians.

Did you know? 

At one point, thiswas the official Assyrian flag, adopted prior to World War I. Created by the Syriac Orthodox community of Tur Abdin, the flag had three horizontal stripes in salmon, white, and red. On the salmon layer, there were three white stars positioned in the top left corner. These stars represented the three main churches of the Assyrian people: Church of the East, Chaldean Catholic Church, and Syriac Orthodox Church. The flag was used during delegation meetings between Assyrian politicians and Western leaders. This flag was abandoned in favor of Bit Atanus’s design.

Sours: https://www.auaf.us/blog/the-history-and-meaning-behind-the-assyrian-flag/
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Assyrian flag

Flag of Assyria.svg
UseEthnic flag
Adopted1971
DesignWhite field with a golden circle at the center, surrounded by a four-pointed star in blue. Four triple-colored (red-white-blue), widening, wavy stripes connect the center to the four corners of the flag.
Designed byGeorge Bit Atanus

The Assyrian flag (Syriac: ܐܬܐ ܐܬܘܪܝܬܐ‎ ʾāṯā ʾāṯōrāytā or ܐܬܐ ܕܐܬܘܪʾāṯā d-ʾāṯōr)[1][2] is the flag chosen by the Assyrian people to represent the Assyrian nation in the homeland and in the diaspora.

George Bit Atanus first designed the flag in 1968;[3] the Assyrian Universal Alliance, Assyrian National Federation and Bet-Nahrain Democratic Party all adopted it in 1971. The flag has a white background with a golden circle at the center, surrounded by a four-pointed star in blue. Four triple-colored (red-white-blue), widening, wavy stripes connect the center to the four corners of the flag. The figure of pre-ChristianAssyrian godAssur, known from Iron Age iconography, features above the centre.

Symbolism[edit]

The golden circle at the center represents the sun, which, by its exploding and leaping flames, generates heat and light to sustain the earth and all its living things. The four-pointed star surrounding the sun symbolizes the land, its light blue color symbolizing tranquility.

The wavy stripes extending from the center to the four corners of the flag represent the three major rivers of the Assyrian homeland: the Tigris, the Euphrates, and the Great Zab. The lines are small at the center and become wider as they spread out from the circle. The dark blue represents the Euphrates. The red stripes, whose blood-red hue stands for courage, glory, and pride, represent the Tigris. The white lines in between the two great rivers symbolize the Great Zab; its white color stands for tranquility and peace. Some interpret the red, white, and blue will gather all the Assyrians back to their homeland to stand strong and fight for what they want and what they have gained.[4]

The star on the flag is the old star symbol associated with Shamash, also known as Utu, the sun deity also associated with the planet Saturn. He was worshipped in the ancient Mesopotamian region. He was apparently the deity who provided leaders like Hammurabi, Ur-Nammu, and Gudea with divine laws.

The archer figure symbolizes the pre-Christian god Assur.[5]

Previous flags[edit]

Assyrian flag designed before World War I and used until 1975
The flag used by the Assyrian volunteers during World War I

Prior to World War I, Western Assyrians from the Tur Abdin region of Turkey designed an Assyrian flag consisting of a horizontal tricolor with the colors pink, white, and red, with three white stars at the upper hoist.[3] The pink, white, and red bars represented the loyalty, purity, and determination of the Assyrian people, and the three white stars represent the three names or components of the Assyrian nation, Assyrians, Syriacs, and Chaldeans.[6][7] This flag was used during delegation meetings with Assyrian politicians and Western powers post World War I. It was also in use by the Assyrian National Federation, later renamed the Assyrian American Federation and the Assyrian American National Federation, from its founding in 1933 until 1975 when they adopted the current Assyrian flag.[6][7]

During the First World War, the Assyrian volunteers commanded by Agha Petros used a red flag with a white cross. Agha Petros' personal standard was the flag of the Volunteers but made of silk, with a golden fringe added, and the words "Trust God and follow the Cross" written in Assyrian above the cross.[8][9]

Gallery[edit]

Variants

Inspirations

Other flags

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^"List of all entries".
  2. ^http://assyrianapp.com/feed-items/%DC%9F%DC%98%DC%A0%DC%9D%DC%97%DC%9D%CC%88-%DC%92%DC%98%DC%AA%CC%88%DC%A2%DC%90-%DC%90%CC%83%DC%9F%DC%98%DC%A1%DC%90-%DC%A0%DC%90-%DC%A1%DC%A8%DC%90%DC%A0%DC%97%DC%98%CC%88%DC%A2-%DC%95%DC%AB%DC%A0/
  3. ^ ab"The History and Meaning Behind the Assyrian Flag". Assyrian Cultural Foundation. March 27, 2017. Retrieved June 27, 2020.
  4. ^Ashurian, Homer (February 17, 2009). "The Origins and Description of the Assyrian Flag". AUA.net. Retrieved August 17, 2012.
  5. ^"The Origins and Description of the Assyrian Flag" by Homer Ashurian, Assyrian Universal Alliance, 03-1999Archived 17 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ ab"The Old Assyrian Flag". Chaldeans On Line. Archived from the original on January 5, 2006. Retrieved June 21, 2019.
  7. ^ abAANF. "HISTORY". Assyrian American National Federation. Archived from the original on February 7, 2005. Retrieved June 21, 2019.
  8. ^Lindenmayer, Sarah (2018). Debt of Honour: How an Anzac saved the Assyrian people from Genocide. Australian Self Publishing Group. p. 21. ISBN . Retrieved June 21, 2019.
  9. ^S.G. SAVIGE. D.S.O., M.C. (1920). STALKY'S FORLORN HOPE. McCubbin.
  10. ^"Assyria". Crwflags.com. Archived from the original on October 12, 2008. Retrieved November 16, 2008.
  11. ^"The Origins and Description of the Assyrian Flag" by Homer Ashurian, Assyrian Universal Alliance, 03-1999Archived 17 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  12. ^Kiwarkis, Gaby (April 23, 2010). "Assyrians Honor New Zealand War Hero, Dedicate Genocide Plaque". Assyrian International News Agency. Retrieved March 29, 2019.
  13. ^Assyrian National Broadcasting (March 26, 2017). "Happy Assyrian New Year!". Youtube. Assyrian Aid Society of America. Retrieved March 29, 2019.
  14. ^Nineveh Plain Protection Units (NPU). "NPU raised the Iraqi, Assyrian & NPU flags in Baghdedeh". Youtube. NPU NinevehPlainProtectionUnits. Retrieved October 1, 2018.
  15. ^"Shamash | Definition, Symbol, & Facts".
  16. ^"Syriac-Aramaic People (Syria)". Crwflags.com. Archived from the original on December 4, 2008. Retrieved November 16, 2008.
  17. ^"Chaldean Flag".
  18. ^"Syriac Miliary Council waves new flag representing Assyrians/Chaldean/Syriac people in SDF territory". March 22, 2017.

External links[edit]

Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Assyrian_flag
Assyrian Flag Raising Ceremony at the City Hall San Jose California 2014

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