Fluconazole pill

Fluconazole pill DEFAULT

Fluconazole - Brand name: Diflucan

1. About fluconazole

Fluconazole is an antifungal medicine. It's used to treat infections caused by different kinds of fungus.

The most common cause of fungal infections is a yeast called candida.

Fluconazole is used to treat many infections caused by candida including:

Fluconazole is also used to treat a brain infection called cryptococcal meningitis. This is caused by a fungus called cryptococcus.

Fluconazole can also be used to prevent a fungal infection developing. It is only prescribed if you are likely to get this sort of infection. This includes people who:

Fluconazole is available as capsules or a liquid that you swallow.

It also comes as an injection, but this is usually given in hospital.

Fluconazole is usually prescribed for you by a doctor. You can also buy it from a pharmacy for vaginal thrush or balanitis.

2. Key facts

  • You'll usually take fluconazole once a day.
  • Your dose and how long you take it for depends on the kind of infection you have.
  • You can take fluconazole with or without food.
  • The most common side effects of fluconazole are feeling sick (nausea) and diarrhoea.
  • For thrush, you can buy fluconazole capsules (brand names include Canesten Thrush Oral Capsules) or fluconazole capsules with clotrimazole cream (brand names include Canesten Thrush Duo).

3. Who can and cannot take fluconazole

Most adults and children can take fluconazole. It can also be prescribed for babies.

Fluconazole is not suitable for everyone. Tell a pharmacist or your doctor before taking it if you have:

  • had an allergic reaction to fluconazole or any other medicines in the past
  • heart disease, including heart rhythm problems (arrhythmia)
  • kidney or liver problems
  • a rare, inherited blood disorder called acute porphyria
  • had a blood test that showed you have abnormal levels of potassium, calcium or magnesium

4. How and when to take fluconazone

Follow the advice from your doctor. If you buy fluconazole in a pharmacy, follow the instructions that come with the medicine.

It's important to complete the course of medicine even if you feel better.

You can take fluconazole capsules and liquid with or without food.

Fluconazole capsules are either 50mg, 150mg or 200mg. Swallow the capsules whole with a drink of water. It is best to take your capsules at the same time each day.

The liquid usually comes in 2 different strengths:

  • 50mg fluconazole in a 5ml spoonful (50mg/5ml)
  • 200mg fluconazole in a 5ml spoonful (200mg/5ml)

Use the plastic spoon that comes with your medicine to measure your dose. Do not use a kitchen teaspoon, as this will not give you the right amount.

Dosage for capsules or liquid

These are the usual doses for adults:

  • oral (mouth) thrush – 50mg a day, taken for 7 to 14 days
  • vaginal thrush or balanitis – 150mg, taken as a single dose
  • vaginal thrush that keeps coming back – 150mg, taken once every 72 hours for the first 3 doses, then take 150mg once a week for 6 months
  • candida infections (in your blood or elsewhere in your body) – 200mg to 800mg a day for several weeks
  • cryptococcal meningitis – 200mg to 800mg a day for several weeks
  • to stop cryptococcal meningitis coming back – 200mg a day, taken long term
  • to prevent fungal infections if you have a weakened immune system (a low white blood cell count) – 50mg to 400mg a day, until your white blood cell count improves

For children, your doctor will work out the right dose depending on the infection and your child's age and weight.

If you take your fluconazole once every 72 hours, or once a week, it may help to use a calendar and mark the days when you need to take it.

What if I forget to take a dose?

If you forget a dose, take it as soon as you remember, unless it's nearly time for your next dose. In this case, just skip the missed dose and take your next one as normal.

Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed dose.

If you forget doses often, it may help to set an alarm to remind you. You could also ask your pharmacist for advice on other ways to remember your medicines.

What if I take too much?

Accidentally taking 1 or 2 extra doses is unlikely to harm you.

Urgent advice: Speak to your doctor or pharmacist now if:

  • your child takes too much fluconazole
  • you take too much fluconazole and have side effects or feel unwell

7. Pregnancy and breastfeeding

Fluconazole and pregnancy

Fluconazole is usually not recommended in pregnancy. Some studies have found that taking fluconazole in pregnancy can harm your baby.

If you have thrush, ask your GP or midwife for advice about treatments. Your doctor will probably prescribe clotrimazole or a similar antifungal medicine. This may be as a cream or as a soft tablet (a pessary) that you put into your vagina.

If the thrush does not go away, they may prescribe a single dose (150mg) of fluconazole. They will discuss the risks and benefits to you and your baby.

If the fungal infection is more serious, your doctor may recommend a higher dose of fluconazole, if it is the best treatment option. Talk to them about the risks and benefits to you and your baby.

Read more on the Best Use of Medicines in Pregnancy (BUMPs) website about taking fluconazole to treat thrush (150mg tablet) or high dose fluconazole (400mg to 800mg a day).

Fluconazole and breastfeeding

If your doctor or health visitor says your baby is healthy, you can use fluconazole when you're breastfeeding. Breastfeeding will benefit you and your baby.

If you notice that your baby is not feeding as well as usual, or seems unusually sleepy, or if you have any other concerns about your baby, then talk to your health visitor or doctor.

Non-urgent advice: Tell your doctor if you're:

  • trying to get pregnant
  • pregnant
  • breastfeeding

8. Cautions with other medicines

Some medicines and fluconazole interfere with each other.

Tell your doctor if you are taking any of these medicines before you start taking fluconazole:

  • pimozide or quetiapine – used to treat some kinds of mental illness
  • reboxetine – used for treating depression
  • erythromycin – an antibiotic
  • ergotamine – used for migraine or headaches
  • amiodarone – used for heart problems
  • warfarin – an anticoagulant
  • carbamazepine – for epilepsy and nerve pain
  • losartan – for high blood pressure and heart failure
  • statins – for high cholesterol

These are not all the medicines that interfere with fluconazole. For a full list, see the leaflet inside your medicines packet.

Mixing fluconazole with herbal remedies and supplements

There's very little information about taking herbal remedies and supplements with fluconazole.

Important

Tell a pharmacist or doctor if you are taking any other medicines, including herbal medicines, vitamins or supplements.

9. Common questions

Sours: https://www.nhs.uk/medicines/fluconazole/

Fluconazole

pronounced as (floo kon' na zole)

Fluconazole is used to treat fungal infections, including yeast infections of the vagina, mouth, throat, esophagus (tube leading from the mouth to the stomach), abdomen (area between the chest and waist), lungs, blood, and other organs. Fluconazole is also used to treat meningitis (infection of the membranes covering the brain and spine) caused by fungus. Fluconazole is also used to prevent yeast infections in patients who are likely to become infected because they are being treated with chemotherapy or radiation therapy before a bone marrow transplant (replacement of unhealthy spongy tissue inside the bones with healthy tissue). Fluconazole is in a class of antifungals called triazoles. It works by slowing the growth of fungi that cause infection.

Fluconazole comes as a tablet and a suspension (liquid) to take by mouth. It is usually taken once a day, with or without food. You may need to take only one dose of fluconazole, or you may need to take fluconazole for several weeks or longer. The length of your treatment depends on your condition and on how well you respond to fluconazole. Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully, and ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain any part you do not understand. Take fluconazole exactly as directed. Do not take more or less of it or take it more often than prescribed by your doctor.

Your doctor may tell you to take a double dose of fluconazole on the first day of your treatment. Follow these directions carefully.

Shake the liquid well before each use to mix the medication evenly.

You should begin to feel better during the first few days of treatment with fluconazole. If your symptoms do not improve or get worse, call your doctor.

Continue to take fluconazole until your doctor tells you that you should stop, even if you feel better. Do not stop taking fluconazole without talking to your doctor. If you stop taking fluconazole too soon, your infection may come back after a short time.

Ask your pharmacist or doctor for a copy of the manufacturer's information for the patient.

Fluconazole is also sometimes used to treat serious fungal infections that begin in the lungs and can spread through the body and fungal infections of the eye, skin and nails. Fluconazole is also sometimes used to prevent fungal infections in people who are likely to become infected because they have human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or cancer or have had a transplant operation (surgery to remove an organ and replace it with a donor or artificial organ). Talk to your doctor about the possible risks of using this medication for your condition.

This medication may be prescribed for other uses; ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.

Before taking fluconazole,

  • tell your doctor and pharmacist if you are allergic to fluconazole, other antifungal medications such as itraconazole (Sporanox), ketoconazole (Nizoral), posaconazole (Noxafil), or voriconazole (Vfend), any other medications, or any of the ingredients in fluconazole tablets or suspension. Ask your pharmacist for a list of the ingredients.
  • tell your doctor if you are taking astemizole (Hismanal) (not available in the US), cisapride (Propulsid) (not available in the US), erythromycin (E.E.S., E-Mycin, Erythrocin); pimozide (Orap), quinidine (Quinidex), or terfenadine (Seldane) (not available in the US). Your doctor will probably tell you not to take fluconazole if you are taking any of these medications.
  • tell your doctor and pharmacist what prescription and nonprescription medications, vitamins, nutritional supplements, and herbal products you are taking, or plan to take. Also you should tell your doctor you have taken fluconazole before starting to take any new medications within 7 days of receiving fluconazole. Your doctor may need to change the doses of your medications or monitor you carefully for side effects. Many other medications may also interact with fluconazole, so be sure to tell your doctor about all the medications you are taking, even those that do not appear on this list.
  • tell your doctor if you have or have ever had cancer; acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS); an irregular heartbeat; a low level of calcium, sodium, magnesium, or potassium in your blood; rare, inherited conditions where the body is not able to tolerate lactose or sucrose;or heart, kidney, or liver disease.
  • tell your doctor if you are pregnant, especially if you are in the first 3 months of your pregnancy, plan to become pregnant, or are breastfeeding. Your doctor may tell you to use birth control to prevent pregnancy during your treatment and for 1 week after your final dose. If you become pregnant while taking fluconazole, call your doctor. Fluconazole may harm the fetus.
  • if you are having surgery, including dental surgery, tell the doctor or dentist that you are taking fluconazole.
  • you should know that fluconazole may make you dizzy or cause seizures. Do not drive a car or operate machinery until you know how this medication affects you.

Unless your doctor tells you otherwise, continue your normal diet.

Take the missed dose as soon as you remember it. However, if it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and continue your regular dosing schedule. Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed one.

Keep this medication in the container it came in, tightly closed, and out of reach of children. Store it at room temperature and away from excess heat and moisture (not in the bathroom). Dispose of any unused liquid medication after 14 days.

It is important to keep all medication out of sight and reach of children as many containers (such as weekly pill minders and those for eye drops, creams, patches, and inhalers) are not child-resistant and young children can open them easily. To protect young children from poisoning, always lock safety caps and immediately place the medication in a safe location – one that is up and away and out of their sight and reach. http://www.upandaway.org

Unneeded medications should be disposed of in special ways to ensure that pets, children, and other people cannot consume them. However, you should not flush this medication down the toilet. Instead, the best way to dispose of your medication is through a medicine take-back program. Talk to your pharmacist or contact your local garbage/recycling department to learn about take-back programs in your community. See the FDA's Safe Disposal of Medicines website (http://goo.gl/c4Rm4p) for more information if you do not have access to a take-back program.

In case of overdose, call the poison control helpline at 1-800-222-1222. Information is also available online at https://www.poisonhelp.org/help. If the victim has collapsed, had a seizure, has trouble breathing, or can't be awakened, immediately call emergency services at 911.

Symptoms of overdose may include the following:

  • hallucinations (seeing things or hearing voices that do not exist)
  • extreme fear that others are trying to harm you

Keep all appointments with your doctor and the laboratory. Your doctor may order certain lab tests to check your response to fluconazole.

Do not let anyone else use your medication. Ask your pharmacist if you have questions about refilling your prescription. If you still have symptoms of infection after you finish taking the fluconazole, call your doctor.

It is important for you to keep a written list of all of the prescription and nonprescription (over-the-counter) medicines you are taking, as well as any products such as vitamins, minerals, or other dietary supplements. You should bring this list with you each time you visit a doctor or if you are admitted to a hospital. It is also important information to carry with you in case of emergencies.

Last Revised - 12/15/2018

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Sours: https://medlineplus.gov/druginfo/meds/a690002.html
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Fluconazole, oral tablet

Highlights for fluconazole

  1. Fluconazole oral tablet is available as both a generic and a brand-name drug. Brand name: Diflucan.
  2. Fluconazole comes as a tablet or suspension you take by mouth. It also comes in an injectable form that can only be given to you by a healthcare professional.
  3. Fluconazole oral tablet is used to prevent and treat candidiasis, a fungal infection. It’s also used to treat meningitis (infection of the brain or spinal cord, or both).

Important warnings

  • Liver failure warning. This drug may cause you to develop liver failure. Your doctor may check your liver function with blood tests while you take this drug. If you develop liver failure from taking this drug, it’s usually reversible once you stop taking it.
  • Skin rashes warning. This drug can cause a severe rash that can cause death. You should stop taking the drug if you develop any rashes.
  • Irregular heart rhythm warning. This drug can change how your heart beats. This change puts you at risk for a life-threatening heart rhythm condition called torsades de pointes. Your risk of heart rhythm problems is higher if you were born with a certain heart rhythm condition, you have a low potassium level, or you take antipsychotic drugs or certain antidepressants.
  • Adrenal gland problems. This drug can cause you to develop adrenal gland problems. Your adrenal gland produces hormones that affect many normal bodily functions. This problem may be reversible after stopping the drug.
  • Fetal harm warning. This drug may cause harm to the fetus if taken during pregnancy. Talk with your doctor if you can get pregnant. You may need to use birth control to prevent pregnancy while taking this drug.

What is fluconazole?

Fluconazole is a prescription drug. It comes as a tablet or suspension you take by mouth.

Fluconazole oral tablet is available as both a generic drug and as the brand-name drug Diflucan.

Generic drugs usually cost less than the brand-name version. In some cases, they may not be available in all strengths or forms as the brand-name drug.

Why it’s used

Fluconazole is used to prevent and treat candidiasis. This condition is caused by infection with one of the many types of the fungus Candida. Examples of candidiasis include vaginal yeast infection, as well as oral yeast infection (thrush).

Candidiasis can also cause infections on other parts of your body, including your throat, esophagus, lungs, and blood. People who have had bone marrow transplants may be treated with fluconazole to prevent candidiasis. This is because their immune systems are weakened, which makes them more likely to become infected with a severe form of candidiasis.

Fluconazole is also used to treat meningitis (infection of the brain and spinal cord) that’s caused by the fungus Cryptococcus.

How it works

Fluconazole belongs to a class of drugs called triazole antifungals. A class of drugs is a group of medications that work in a similar way. These drugs are often used to treat similar conditions.

Fluconazole works by blocking the ability of the fungi Candida and Cryptococcus to reproduce. For people with infections from these fungi, this drug helps to get rid of the infection. For people at higher risk of candidiasis, it helps to prevent infection.

Fluconazole side effects

Fluconazole isn’t known to cause drowsiness, but it can cause other side effects.

More common side effects

The more common side effects of fluconazole oral tablet depend on how much of the drug you need to take. These side effects can include:

If these effects are mild, they may go away within a few days or a couple of weeks. If they’re more severe or don’t go away, talk with your doctor or pharmacist.

Serious side effects

Call your doctor right away if you have serious side effects. Call 911 if your symptoms feel life threatening or if you think you’re having a medical emergency. Serious side effects and their symptoms can include the following:

  • Liver damage. Symptoms can include:
    • yellowing of your skin or the whites of your eyes
    • dark urine
    • light-colored stools
    • severe skin itching
    • vomiting or nausea
  • Severe rash in people with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) or cancer. Symptoms can include:
  • Torsades de pointes (a life-threatening heart rhythm condition). Symptoms can include:
    • feeling like your heart is skipping a beat (palpitations)
    • fast, irregular heart rate
    • dizziness
    • fainting
    • seizures
  • Adrenal gland problems. Symptoms can include:
    • muscle weakness
    • belly pain
    • fatigue
    • loss of appetite

Disclaimer: Our goal is to provide you with the most relevant and current information. However, because drugs affect each person differently, we cannot guarantee that this list includes all possible dosages. This information is not a substitute for medical advice. Always speak with your doctor or pharmacist about dosages that are right for you.

Fluconazole may interact with other medications

Fluconazole oral tablet can interact with other medications, vitamins, or herbs you may be taking. An interaction is when a substance changes the way a drug works. This can be harmful or prevent the drug from working well.

To help avoid interactions, your doctor should manage all of your medications carefully. Be sure to tell your doctor about all medications, vitamins, or herbs you’re taking. To find out how this drug might interact with something else you’re taking, talk with your doctor or pharmacist.

Examples of drugs that can cause interactions with fluconazole are listed below.

Drugs that should not be used with fluconazole

There are certain drugs that you should not use with fluconazole. When used with fluconazole, these drugs can cause dangerous effects in your body. Examples of these drugs include:

  • Terfenadine. When used with fluconazole at doses of 400 mg or higher, this drug can cause a life-threatening heart rhythm condition called torsades de pointes.
  • Pimozide, clarithromycin, erythromycin, ranolazine, lomitapide, donepezil, voriconazole, and quinidine. When used with fluconazole, these drugs can cause a life-threatening heart rhythm condition called torsades de pointes.

Drugs that increase the risk of side effects

Taking fluconazole with certain drugs raises your risk of side effects from those drugs. Examples of these drugs include:

  • Diabetes drugs such as glyburide and glipizide. Increased side effects can include low blood sugar. This causes symptoms such as sweating and chills, shakiness, fast pulse, weakness, hunger, and dizziness.
  • Warfarin. Increased side effects can include bruising, nosebleeds, and blood in your urine or stools.
  • Phenytoin. Taking this drug with fluconazole can cause trouble with coordination, slurred speech, and confusion. Your doctor will measure blood levels of phenytoin while you’re taking fluconazole. It’s possible that your doctor will decrease your dose of phenytoin while you’re taking fluconazole.
  • Cyclosporine, tacrolimus, and sirolimus. Increased side effects can include kidney damage. Your doctor will check your blood for signs of kidney damage while you’re taking fluconazole. If you show signs of kidney damage, your doctor may lower your doses of these drugs or stop them completely until your treatment with fluconazole is done.
  • Theophylline. Taking this drug with fluconazole can cause muscle cramps, headache, low blood pressure, and seizures. Your doctor will measure blood levels of phenytoin while you’re taking fluconazole.
  • Zidovudine. Increased side effects can include headache, tiredness, loss of appetite, nausea, and vomiting.
  • Pain drugs, such as methadone and fentanyl. The levels of these drugs may be increased in your body when taken with fluconazole. Increased side effects include slower breathing, confusion, and drowsiness.
  • Carbamazepine. Increased side effects include nausea, vomiting, unsteadiness, low blood cell counts, severe rash, heart failure, and liver failure.
  • Certain calcium channel blockers, such as nifedipine, amlodipine, verapamil, and felodipine. Increased side effects include low blood pressure, dizziness, confusion, and headache.
  • Certain statins, such as atorvastatin and simvastatin. Increased side effects include muscle pain and weakness and raised levels of creatinine in your blood.
  • Antipsychotic drugs, such as chlorpromazine, haloperidol, and ziprasidone. Taking fluconazole with these medications raises your risk of a life-threatening irregular heart rhythm condition called torsades de pointes.
  • Antidepressants, such as citalopram, escitalopram, and paroxetine. Taking fluconazole with these medications raises your risk of a life-threatening irregular heart rhythm condition called torsades de pointes.
  • Heart rhythm drugs, such as amiodarone and dofetilide. Taking fluconazole with these medications raises your risk of a life-threatening irregular heart rhythm condition called torsades de pointes.

Disclaimer: Our goal is to provide you with the most relevant and current information. However, because drugs interact differently in each person, we cannot guarantee that this information includes all possible interactions. This information is not a substitute for medical advice. Always speak with your healthcare professional about possible interactions with all prescription drugs, vitamins, herbs and supplements, and over-the-counter drugs that you are taking.

Fluconazole warnings

Fluconazole oral tablet comes with several warnings

Allergy warning

This drug can cause a severe allergic reaction. Symptoms can include:

  • shortness of breath
  • coughing
  • wheezing
  • fever
  • chills
  • throbbing of your heart or ears
  • swelling of your eyelids, face, mouth, neck, or any other part of your body
  • skin rash, hives, blisters or skin peeling

If you have an allergic reaction, call your doctor or local poison control center right away. If your symptoms are severe, call 911 or go to the nearest emergency room.

Don’t take this drug again if you’ve ever had an allergic reaction to it. Taking it again could be fatal (cause death).

Warnings for people with certain health conditions

For people with kidney disease: If you have kidney disease or a history of kidney disease, your kidneys may not be able to remove this drug from your body like they should. This may increase the levels of fluconazole in your body and cause more side effects. This drug may also make existing kidney disease worse.

People with liver problems: Fluconazole can cause liver problems. If you already have liver problems, talk with your healthcare professional before taking this drug.

People with high blood sugar levels: The oral suspension form of this drug contains sucrose, a kind of sugar. You shouldn’t use this form of the drug if you have a condition that increases your blood sugar level. Talk with your doctor before using this drug if you have high blood sugar levels or a condition, such as diabetes, which can cause high blood sugar levels.

People with abnormal heart rhythms: Using fluconazole can affect your heart rhythm. If you already have an abnormal heart rhythm, taking fluconazole may lead to dangerous heart rhythm problems.

People with certain conditions that lower immunity: If you have certain conditions that lower your immunity, such as cancer, human immunodeficiency virus infection (HIV), or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) you’re more likely to get a rash from fluconazole. Your doctor will monitor you for a rash and peeling skin.

Warnings for other groups

Pregnant women: Research in humans has shown adverse effects to the fetus when the mother takes this drug in doses of 150 mg or higher. In lower doses, research in animals has shown adverse effects. There haven’t been enough studies done to be certain how lower doses of the drug might affect the human fetus.

This drug should only be used during pregnancy in serious cases where it’s needed to treat a dangerous infection in the mother. And it should only be used if the potential risk to the fetus is acceptable given the drug’s potential benefit.

Talk with your doctor if you’re pregnant or planning to become pregnant. Ask your doctor to tell you about the specific harm that may be done to the fetus.

If you become pregnant while taking this drug, call your doctor right away.

Women who are breastfeeding: Fluconazole passes into breast milk and may cause side effects in a child who is breastfed. Talk with your doctor if you breastfeed your child. You may need to decide whether to stop breastfeeding or stop taking this drug.

For seniors: The kidneys of older adults may not work as well as they used to. This can cause your body to process drugs more slowly. As a result, more of a drug stays in your body for a longer time. This raises your risk of side effects.

For children: This medication shouldn’t be used in people younger than 6 months.

How to take fluconazole

This dosage information is for fluconazole oral tablet. All possible dosages and drug forms may not be included here. Your dosage, drug form, and how often you take the drug will depend on:

  • your age
  • the condition being treated
  • how severe your condition is
  • other medical conditions you have
  • how you react to the first dose

Forms and strengths

Generic: Fluconazole

  • Form: Oral tablet
  • Strengths: 50 mg, 100 mg, 150 mg, 200 mg

Brand: Diflucan

  • Form: Oral tablet
  • Strengths: 50 mg, 100 mg, 150 mg, 200 mg

Dosage for vaginal candidiasis

Adult dosage (ages 18–64 years)

  • Typical dosage: One 150-mg dose.

Child dosage (ages 0–17 years)

Use of this drug hasn’t been approved in children younger than 18 years.

Senior dosage (ages 65 years and older)

The kidneys of older adults may not work as well as they used to. This can cause your body to process drugs more slowly. As a result, more of a drug stays in your body for a longer time. This raises your risk of side effects. Your doctor may start you on a lowered dose or a different dosing schedule. This can help keep levels of this drug from building up too much in your body.

Dosage for nonvaginal candidiasis

Adult dosage (ages 18–64 years)

  • Typical dosage: Depending on the type of infection you have, your daily dose could be between 50 mg and 400 mg.
  • Treatment length: Treatment can last up to several weeks.

Child dosage (ages 6 months through 17 years)

  • Typical dosage: Dosage depends on the weight of the child taking the drug, and the type of infection being treated.
  • Treatment length: The length of treatment depends on the infection being treated.

Child dosage (ages 0–5 months)

Use of this drug isn’t recommended in infants younger than 6 months.

Senior dosage (ages 65 years and older)

The kidneys of older adults may not work as well as they used to. This can cause your body to process drugs more slowly. As a result, more of a drug stays in your body for a longer time. This raises your risk of side effects. Your doctor may start you on a lowered dose or a different dosing schedule. This can help keep levels of this drug from building up too much in your body.

Dosage for candidiasis prevention

Adult dosage (ages 18–64 years)

  • Typical dosage: 400 mg, taken once per day.
  • Treatment length: Treatment can last several weeks.

Child dosage (ages 0–17 years)

Use of this drug for the prevention of candidiasis in people younger than 18 years hasn’t been approved.

Senior dosage (ages 65 years and older)

The kidneys of older adults may not work as well as they used to. This can cause your body to process drugs more slowly. As a result, more of a drug stays in your body for a longer time. This raises your risk of side effects. Your doctor may start you on a lowered dose or a different dosing schedule. This can help keep levels of this drug from building up too much in your body.

Dosage for cryptococcal meningitis

Adult dosage (ages 18–64 years)

  • Typical dosage: 400 mg on the first day. The dose from day 2 on is usually 200–400 mg, taken once per day.
  • Treatment length: Treatment typically lasts 10–12 weeks after a test called a cerebrospinal fluid culture no longer detects fungi.

Child dosage (ages 6 months through 17 years)

Dosage for children is based on weight.

  • Typical dosage: On the first day, your child will take 12 mg per kilogram of body weight. The dose from day 2 on is usually 6–12 mg per kilogram, taken once per day.
  • Treatment length: Treatment typically lasts 10–12 weeks after a test called a cerebrospinal fluid culture no longer detects fungi.

Child dosage (ages 0–5 months)

Use of this drug isn’t recommended in infants younger than 6 months.

Senior dosage (ages 65 years and older)

The kidneys of older adults may not work as well as they used to. This can cause your body to process drugs more slowly. As a result, more of a drug stays in your body for a longer time. This raises your risk of side effects. Your doctor may start you on a lowered dose or a different dosing schedule. This can help keep levels of this drug from building up too much in your body.

Special dosage considerations

For people with kidney disease: If you have kidney disease and are supposed to take more than a single dose of fluconazole, your dose may be lowered. Your doctor may give you a first dose of 50–400 mg, with additional doses that range between that amount and half of that amount, based on your kidney function.

Disclaimer: Our goal is to provide you with the most relevant and current information. However, because drugs affect each person differently, we cannot guarantee that this list includes all possible dosages. This information is not a substitute for medical advice. Always to speak with your doctor or pharmacist about dosages that are right for you.

Take as directed

Fluconazole oral tablet is used for both short-term and long-term treatment. It comes with risks if you don’t take it as prescribed.

If you stop taking the drug suddenly or don’t take it at all: Your infection may not get better or may get worse.

If you miss doses or don’t take the drug on schedule: Your medication may not work as well or may stop working completely. For this drug to work well, a certain amount needs to be in your body at all times.

If you take too much: You could have dangerous levels of the drug in your body. Symptoms of an overdose of this drug can include:

  • hallucinations
  • paranoia
  • abnormal heart rhythm
  • blue tint to your skin
  • decreased breathing

If you think you’ve taken too much of this drug, call your doctor or local poison control center. If your symptoms are severe, call 911 or go to the nearest emergency room right away.

What to do if you miss a dose: Take your dose as soon as you remember. But if you remember just a few hours before your next scheduled dose, take only one dose. Never try to catch up by taking two doses at once. This could result in dangerous side effects.

How to tell if the drug is working: You should have decreased symptoms of infection.

Important considerations for taking fluconazole

Keep these considerations in mind if your doctor prescribes fluconazole oral tablet for you.

General

  • You can take fluconazole with or without food.
  • You can cut or crush the tablet.

Storage

  • Store fluconazole tablets below 86°F (30°C).
  • Don’t store this medication in moist or damp areas, such as bathrooms.

Refills

A prescription for this medication is refillable. You should not need a new prescription for this medication to be refilled. Your doctor will write the number of refills authorized on your prescription.

Travel

When traveling with your medication:

  • Always carry your medication with you. When flying, never put it into a checked bag. Keep it in your carry-on bag.
  • Don’t worry about airport X-ray machines. They can’t hurt your medication.
  • You may need to show airport staff the pharmacy label for your medication. Always carry the original prescription-labeled box with you.
  • Don’t put this medication in your car’s glove compartment or leave it in the car. Be sure to avoid doing this when the weather is very hot or very cold.

Clinical monitoring

Your doctor should monitor your kidney and liver function while you take this drug. Your doctor should have blood tests done to check how well your liver and kidneys are working. If these organs aren’t working well, your doctor may decide to lower your dosage or have you stop taking this drug.

Are there any alternatives?

There are other drugs available to treat your condition. Some may be better suited for you than others. Talk with your doctor about other drug options that may work for you.

Disclaimer: Medical News Today has made every effort to make certain that all information is factually correct, comprehensive, and up to date. However, this article should not be used as a substitute for the knowledge and expertise of a licensed healthcare professional. You should always consult your doctor or another healthcare professional before taking any medication. The drug information contained herein is subject to change and is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. The absence of warnings or other information for a given drug does not indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective, or appropriate for all patients or all specific uses.

Sours: https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/fluconazole-oral-tablet
Fluconazole

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Pill fluconazole

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Pharmacology - Antifungals - Fluconazole Nystatin nursing RN PN NCLEX

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